Psychological concepts

Ambition - what is it, the meaning of the word

Ambition is a person's desire to receivehigh position, certain honors, to achieve visible success, recognized by the environment and ideally having a specific dimension, expressed in assessments, figures, awards, trophies. For an ambitious person it is important to have the highest results. The notion of ambition is revealed through two of its roots and denotes the love of honor.
Ambition of the meaning of the word is synonymous withrelation to vanity. In its extreme expression, ambition can aspire to greed, which, however, is closely related to the acquisition of material advantage, whereas vanity and ambition use specific physical goods only indirectly.

What is ambition?

An ambitious person can himself reportto himself, that wherever he turned out to be - everywhere he is ready to impose his rules, even to people he only found out. Recognition of error brings him painful feelings, the thought that he deserves more, does not leave. An ambitious person wants to have no competitors in any sphere - except himself.
For him there is the engine of progress, the meansachieve personal goals. Such a person does not stop at what has been achieved, strives constantly for greater, and, therefore, becomes stronger, ready to work more and improve.
Vanity and ambition make an individual selfish and even unpleasant for others.
takes over a person and makes you look at the world in a distorted angle.
ceases to correspond to the current conditions. Man already feels that he has the right to impose his opinion on others, he becomes uncomfortable in the team, it is difficult for him to find a common language with the environment. The thirst for success forces you to enter into a deal with a conscience, go for the sake of winning over the heads. Such individuals often end up achieving their goals, but they remain alone, with an abundance of emotional trauma and emotional blockages.
Psychoanalyst Karen Horney explored the notion of ambition as one of neurotic needs - a painful pursuit of personal achievement. On whether it succeeds
be the best - it depends
. We all face the example of neurotic ambition already at school, we know the children suffering from the received low evaluation, that for them there is a blow to
. In adulthood, it grows into a desire to be the best lover, writer, athlete, to have the highest performance in production, prestigious awards, to earn the most.
Neurotic ambition is less harmful forsurrounding, than other neurotic needs of an aggressive type, after all it is directed to its owner. Ambition destroys personally affects it, brings inability to accept oneself as it is, to the full and with all natural
, feelings, experiences live their lives. Such a person must necessarily receive estimates, prove through his activities primarily to himself - his "I" exists and has weight. It is extremely important for him to capture, fix his activities, to present its results to others as evidence of his existence. This directly affects whether the neurotic can reduce the level of
, which is off scale, if he has no visible, visible evidence of his productive and productive activities.
Neurotic ambition also forces a person to destructive actions - the desire to defeat his obvious or imaginary rivals, in any way to win in competition and competition.
How can I show that ambition has a neurotic character? Its symptom is acute
, which, with a neurotic vanityis perceived as humiliation. Another factor is the relentless pushing oneself to great accomplishments, what happens, despite the ongoing anxiety. Awards and trophies do not bring such a person joy, there is no experience of genuine deep satisfaction from them. Achievements only push to the markings even higher, which will help deal with anxiety. They simply shorten the anxiety, feeling for a short time
- soothe the inner critic, the interiorized accuser. Such a neurotic does not have peace with himself, he does not accept himself.

Ambition, how to get rid?

If you started to notice that your child startedto show the symptoms of neurotic ambition - you need to convince him that you will love and accept him, no matter what grade he brings from school. And to feel your unconditional love. Tell him stories about the failures of the lives of others, stories related to falls - with the aim that on these examples the child learns to feel that all failure is just a feedback. Try to reduce the fear of failure so that it is not associated with humiliation, thereby redirecting or softening neurotic ambition, making it less acute and painful. In general, as for other neurotic needs, according to the Karen Horney approach, to resolve this complex it is important to weaken the idealized image, overstatement of oneself, learn to accept oneself, treat without hatred and contempt for oneself. There is an interesting view that ambition as a counterbalance
is the main driving force of mankind. A person constantly wants more, looks at others and celebrates their successes: promotion, buying a new car, relaxing in a fashionable resort with an abundance of impressions.

Ambition gives rise to a reluctance to feel loser and win at all and constantly. Indeed, this attracts a person forward, learning from others and receiving examples - he has
to their own success. People create innovative technologies, develop science, someone has visited the cosmos, invented social networks, and the rest are for the better, try to acquire it and prevail. And so humanity is moving forward through ambition and
. But is such ambition the only and true guarantee of strength and success?
Many do not agree with this view, arguing that the true
ambition is not necessary, ambition can even be a sign of the lack of talent and its
Ambition can have a different nature. That ambition, which is associated with a thirst for possession and domination is usually considered a negative quality. In contrast to it, some singled out a healthy excitement that motivates and helps to reach the tops after the talent.
There is Chukovsky's aesthetic theory thatit turns out well only what a person does not want. That is, non-pragmatic activity brings brilliant results. An example is Steve Jobs, who became a truly great businessman not because of the desire for money, success, honors. He was fascinated by the idea of ​​creating a fundamentally new and very valuable for mankind, putting all the forces into his aspiration. That is, for success, you need to set yourself a high, ambitious goal, which should not be pragmatic - but higher than just a desire, for example, money, which will only be a consequence.
Or maybe ambition is the desire for immortality? Desire to leave something after yourself. "To all the best in me I owe death." After all, if our life were not finite, if it were not for the need to be realized in this allotted area of ​​life, then there would not be an incentive to create, stand out, be remembered, leaving a trace. The idea of ​​death very strongly pushes to leave some recognized values, a good or famous name, that there is a synonym for honor. From this point of view, ambition does not reveal the meaning of the word through love for honors, but as an aspiration to personal honor. And this motivation is considered harmonious, as it promotes true growth. So, we can talk about ambition of different levels.

Ambition is good or bad?

Where is the line between healthy ambition and ambition? For example, a sportsman or an actor should consider himself the best - otherwise he will not achieve high results. Self-reliance, positioning oneself as the best and believing in it encourage him to work hard on himself. Having looked at the views on this issue over the past 2000 years of history in different currents, we will see even contradictory approaches in religions. In Orthodoxy, the dogma of self-abasement permeates the doctrine with a red thread. Career, self-esteem, the desire to be the first, to reach heights and prove something to yourself or the environment - are considered bad, following the instructions of the Bible, to be the last. In contrast, they cultivate modesty, self-abasement, awareness of their insignificance and humility as the only way out. Ambition here is associated with pride and is considered a sin.
In Catholicism is a different approach - a person needsrespect, do not descend to self-abasement and strewing ashes. The man here is no longer bad, but in Protestantism and is altogether good - success, work, money, well-being are seen as gifts from above, a blessing. Such an approach promotes progress in life, creation, even at the level of an entire people. Beautiful architecture, comfortable cars, quality things and good education - this is what the European and American ways of life associate with us, professing Catholicism and Protestantism. However, with an excess of attention to such goods, the line between healthy ambitions, a generally positive aspiration for success and ambition is lost, success becomes an end in itself, subordinating all the aspirations of a person.
The approach, which is more peculiar to Orthodoxy, that it is necessary to keep the soul and to struggle with the passions of ambition - in its excess also gives distortions in the human soul,
to more successful people and the desire for comfort at the same time with extreme condemnation, which splits the psyche, forcing a person to use a whole range of mechanisms
. That in the end, victory over ambition is not conducive, but on the contrary, it polarizes the psyche and imparts new turns
Of course, the truth is in the middle. With a more attentive, scrupulous study, we will restore the balance, finding a common primary meaning, which has subsequently developed into opposing currents. The instruction to sit down in the latter place sometimes looks somewhat manipulative, as if I deliberately humiliate myself, and in secret with the same thirst for success I hope that I will be raised. This allegorical instruction, however, has a profound meaning. Do not sit down in the first place - do not try to be a leader in form. And to sit on the latter, first internally becoming them and proving with all your being that you are the first - so that it is recognized by the people themselves. At the same time, the elevation itself for a person should not have significance, but only an inner deep work on oneself, which yields fruits that are not an end in itself. Self-esteem is an extreme, as evidenced by other evangelical councils - for example, knocking to open, search and acquire, do not bury talent in the ground. It shows that if you believe, then everything can be achieved. Faith that turns mountains, gives a high self-esteem, which together with hard work lead to success.
It turns out, it is the active life positionpreached in Christianity. No need to worship the first place or money, no matter what it takes to reach for them for honors and pride. This is revealed in the instruction not to try to serve two masters - God and Mamon, where Mamon personifies earthly goods. They are not bad in themselves, like riches, that is not evil, but good, if it is a means for high purposes. And the line between ambition and ambition is achieved in the Christian position by the fact that the attention of a person should not be aimed at gaining honors, he should not dream of self-exaltation, and being elevated by other people - to remain modest and continue to work on himself. It is this formula that leads a person to genuine victories, paves the way for success.

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