Auto-aggression is a manifestation of destructiveActivity, which is directed by the person directly to himself. Destructive activity is understood as attempts at suicide, injury, alcoholism, drug addiction, self-incrimination, degrading statements about oneself. The causes of autoaggressive behavior, the reversal of the aggression vector into the interior, are mainly social.
When there is no possibility to express one's ownArisen anger to the immediate object of experience, aggression is redirected either to an accessible or safe other object, or to itself. This impossibility of presenting one's own aggression directly, can be caused by the inaccessibility of the object, the condemnation of aggressive actions by surrounding people or in cases of the person's dependence on the object of the aggression. This transfer occurs most often unconsciously and is emotionally more beneficial than realizing the presence of unpleasant, destructive feelings and entering into an open confrontation.
Causes of autoaggression
Auto-aggression is in psychology quite wideA concept that encompasses both the child's pathopsychological branch and, accordingly, the causes of its emergence are distinguished by a whole series. Most often, autoaggression is manifested in individuals
And demonstrative behavior. In many studies, the connection between the onset of autoagression with
, Masochistic personal accentuation of character.
Autoaggression in adults can develop with an unstable and sensitive psyche, increased emotionality, a tendency to
, As well as in people with high ability to empathy. The inherent autoaggression of people is not very sociable, inclined to idealize others and depreciate themselves.
External factors contributing to the occurrence of autoaggression are psychotraumatic situations, a violation of the process
, Physical and psychological violence. Thus, the development of autoaggression from childhood is promoted by the unsettled situation in the family, frequent quarrels among parents, frequent physical and psychological punishment of the child, humiliation and ridicule, ignoring the needs and lack of expressions of love, tenderness, caring.
In children, autoaggression arises from accusing oneself of the problems and bad mood of adults, as a method of manipulating and obtaining the desired, attention.
Autoaggression in adults may appear in the backgroundGetting into the religious community, where the implementation of the required standards of conduct can be extremely difficult or, when faced with internal protest, cause a large amount of tension.
There are also exclusively biological causes of autoaggression. In these cases, acts of autoaggression can be triggered by psychiatric illnesses, the presence of auditory and visual
, Overvalued ideas. In this case, only urgent hospitalization will help, since a person who is under the influence of "voices" will listen to them, rather than others, with a high degree of probability. There is a desire for
And in seriously ill people, and is conditioned by this desire to save themselves and their loved ones from suffering.
The reasons why autoaggression in adults are allMore is found in the society, is its peculiar advantage. With its help, you can release intolerable feelings or on the contrary make yourself feel something, distract from an intolerable situation or feel control over it, while remaining with the same mask of affability, calmness and well-being on your face.
Signs of autoaggression
There can be autoaggression both consciously, soAnd unconsciously, that is why a person can not always independently explain what he is doing and what are the reasons for his behavior. Recognizing autoaggression in some cases can be quite problematic, since in humans, with the preservation of the criticality of thinking, there is a desire to hide this aspect of one's life. When observing relatives, the frequently appearing wounds and scars should be alerted, the tendency to wear clothes that closes the body as much as possible (in any weather), the appearance on the clothing of blood, the frequent "accidental" traumatic situations, the desire for solitude,
, Increased use of psychoactive substances (alcohol, drugs, cigarettes).
What is auto-aggression? To direct signs of autoaggression, when you need to sound an alarm include: suicidal attempts, refusal to eat, self-inflicting bodily harm (cuts, burns, beatings). In these critical manifestations of autoaggression, you should immediately seek help from professionals (psychiatrists, psychotherapists or psychologists) to prevent a negative outcome of the situation. And the initiator of a doctor's visit or calling a psychiatric team should be someone who noticed what is happening, as the person himself in this state can not critically assess the situation and will not turn to help.
In society there are relatively supported formsAutoaggression, which are quite common, as ways to relieve stress. They can be expressed in the use of drugs, alcohol, and tobacco in situations related to stress; Attachment to extreme sports and leisure, choosing a dangerous field of activity; Minor destructive behavioral reactions (tearing off crusts from healing wounds, nibbling of nails and lips to blood, etc.). With these manifestations, it is also possible to prevent autoaggression, rather than its immediate treatment.
Types of autoaggression
There are several categories that divideAutoaggressive behavior. For example, the degree of awareness - conscious self-harm (cutting cuts, planning suicide) and unconscious (victim behavior, the pursuit of hazardous activities). Also, one can single out the immediacy of actions (self-inflicting self-harm) and mediated (provoking situations that create a danger).
There are both psychological and physical differencesManifestations. So autoaggression in psychology is an autistic, victimized and fanatic behavior, negative verbal statements about oneself. Of the physical manifestations of self-mutilation, suicide attempts, extreme sports, food and chemical dependencies. Further more in detail about each of the types of autoaggression. Autistic behavior manifests itself both independently and can be classified as
, A disease that begins to manifest itself in childhood. Characteristic of closedness, originality and limited interests, the desire for repetitive
Behavior, is most often accompanied by a delay in development.
Victim behavior or victim behavior. It manifests itself as a provocation by a person of situations that are unsafe for his life, mental state, health. Or behavior that increases the likelihood of a person falling into a violent situation.
Fanatic behavior is inherent in both sportsFans, fans of stars, and people who are members of religious sects. Strict adherence to dogmas, intolerance of other ideas that are at variance with the ideas of the organization in which a person participates lead to an increase in the internal tension that will seek out. And since the direct external
In religious sects, for example, is most often forbidden, then the manifestation
Finds a way out in autoaggression.
Food dependence has two opposite forms: it is
(Weight loss, down to food and excessive overeating). Food dependence takes its roots either in
, Or in an effort to stifle intolerable emotions. To the chemical dependence include the use of narcotic substances, alcohol, tobacco.
Can be true and demonstrative. In the case of a demonstrative, basic
Is not self-harm, but
Surrounding, the desire to attract attention. True suicidal behavior is usually thought-out, a person prepares for this act, hiding his intentions from others to prevent salvation.
Extreme sports, drunk driving and dangerous routes, bad habits - all these are manifestations of a hidden, "stretched in time" suicide.
Treatment of autoaggression
Autoaggression in adults and children is treatableAt any stage, but the priority for progressing along the path of recovery is to realize what is happening as a problem that goes beyond the norm.
The initial stage when working withAutoaggressive behavior is the identification of the causes due to which autoaggression has appeared or has developed in order to later find new, less traumatic ways to overcome intolerable experiences. For self-employment, reorientation of behavior and replacement of destructive actions by others can approach.
With intolerable pain and other strong emotions can help express their experiences in the text or drawing, then the sheet can then be torn or burned.
When striving to calm down, massage, bathing or showering, contacting pets, listening to soothing music is good.
If you feel the inner emptiness and desire to feel something at all, you can take a cold shower, eat something with a bright taste (spicy, sour, tart), chat with strangers.
You can go in for sports, beat pillows, break the paper, scream.
In turn, it is very important to help relatives andClose to a person with autoaggression. Surrounding people can help, showing their care, supporting, showing love. It is important to stay close to you with heavy emotions, showing that you are taking a person with his problems, that he can open you. More often praise and criticize less, avoid humiliating and insulting statements.
If self-employment is not possible orIt is necessary to apply for treatment to doctors. Treatment, most likely, will require a combination of psychological work, which will consist of training and individual sessions, as well as taking medications (tranquilizers and antidepressants, the dosages and combinations of which are selected individually by the doctor in each case).
Forced treatment of autoaggression of this type is also prescribed in the presence of a threat to life and health of a person, with suicidal behavior, causing bodily harm, refusing to eat.
The prevention of autoaggression is relevant from the very childhood, when it is necessary to exclude as much as possible causes contributing to the emergence of destructive tendencies.