The border situation is such circumstances,At which there is a danger or there is a risk to the life of the individual. The concept of a border situation was first introduced by the German psychiatrist and philosopher, the existentialist Karl Jaspers in 1935. There are borderline circumstances or critical situations in situations where an individual at death or above him has a feeling of guilt, due to hard life tests or experiencing severe stress.
Jaspers' border situations are a factor in freeing a person from all previously held conventions, norms, rules or generally accepted views, thereby
Realizes its existential purpose.
Concepts existentialism, border situationHave a direct connection with each other, because due to the borderline circumstances a person is able to come to a real awareness of his being, he can move away from the ordinary
The structure of the border situation consists of a person, his self, freedom and the resulting in her result
The concept of a borderline situation psychologyDefines as a boundary, after which a person can completely change, reconsider their values, relations with the surrounding world and, above all, their views on life.
All the earlier a person lived, he becomes somehow unreal, illusory. The individual at some stage begins to understand that all this has prevented him from living a real life.
The borderline situation in philosophy
In philosophy, the border situation is consideredIn the existential direction. Through which a person can get out of subjection to the objective world and begin to experience a real existence. In this case, the individual refuses from the values, traditions and attitudes prevailing in society under circumstances that are dangerous for his life. Or it happens in the struggle, in martyrdom or in the dying state.
The structure of the borderline situation in philosophy consists of existential fear,
Do not find your place, destination or
Jaspers' border situations are represented in the form of an earthly disease, a mortal danger, suffering and struggle, in which a person comes to realize himself as an existential.
Jean Paul Sartre considers the border situation"Nausea," boredom, the experience of unreasonable expectations, a premonition of the uselessness of any undertaking. Philosophy considers two concepts: existentialism, the boundary situation, how, by means of boundary conditions, a person comes to exist.
The concept of a border situation, from a philosophical point of view, is the experience of the individual's life in her place and the acceptance of all her problems, a direct link between man and the world.
Boundary situations are not so defined inParticulars, as acting in the role of a general state of affairs, are circumstances that not only change with regard to conditions in their concrete manifestations, but also belong to personal being. This includes the fact of principled confinement in circumstances, and the fact that a person thinks about his own guilt, about what he deserves to die, is also attributed. The circumstances in which such thoughts appear are those of critical situations.
Borderline situations do not change, refer toHuman being and are not final. They can not be surveyed, a person does not see everything else behind them. They are like a wall, on which a man breaks. But a person does not need to change them, but only to clarify for themselves, but it is impossible to comprehend them to the end.
The notion of "boundaries" defines the framework of the humanBeing, and this framework is being introduced into the person. These facets represent what defines the person from within, the deep phenomena of the being. These limits are observed in suffering, struggle, guilt, death, accident and other experiences, which are always determined by man as an accidental phenomenon, which can be avoided, but just such an explanation shows the flawedness of the existing order. To improve this order, philosophers tried to come up with a utopia of an ideal world in which there was no place for suffering, struggle and various life problems. Therefore, considering problems disposable, they leave an obligation to deal with them.
Existential philosophers insist that theseThe moments can be learned in their unrecoverability, as something that can not be avoided at all, as something decisive, belonging to the human being, without this the human being can not be sufficiently determined.
Therefore,Something that can be taken into account and taken into account in the act. But the decisive factor in them is precisely that under the influence of reality a person calls into question the basis of some occupation or action, there is a defect in them that can shake the life of a person to its very foundations. A person in such circumstances encounters an understanding of the deep
Its being. Although they are completely different, there is something in common - they do not have a support that would withstand a certain experience or even a thought, do not carry in themselves anything absolute and solid. Everything is in a constant position under question, everything is relative, split into antagonism.
In this sense, border situations are suchCircumstances, getting into which a person comes to the border of existence. Over time, they occur in the experience of each person, as a result of this, a sense of reality is not harmonious and integral, it reveals contradictions that are not so easy to solve through thinking, and in general are fundamentally unrecoverable.
In life-threatening cases, the clearest wayThe finiteness of human existence is known, because such circumstances have boundaries that make it impossible for a harmonious comprehension of human life and peace. Only in the most radical boundary situation, that is, death, all the described ideas are possible, because its meaning has a great and immediate significance for the experience of existential existence. Due to the fact that border situations are opposite to any calmness in a closed and harmonious image of the world, they keep a person in an initiative state, do not let him relax, because of anxiety and the search for meaning, this determines the behavior of a person.
Borderline situations can not be until the endAre explained and understood, their actual meaning is beyond reason, but the vulnerability of human existence is obvious. Critical conditions make it possible to see how much human existence is lost. But human being initially exists in the position of lostness, it can not be compared with existential existence, in essence, using its own powers and motivations. It must be compelled to do this, it happens in an experience where personal being is plunged into a border situation.
Only on the experience of experiencing extreme conditionsA concept of existential existence is formed. Only on the basis of the boundary situation can there be a tangible sharpness contained in the concept of existential existence. Sometimes, once or twice a person is lucky and he avoids borderline situations, going into the bustle of everyday existence, but if you realize this well, you can see how an existential existence is realized here. A person becomes really himself, when he enters a border situation, he is not afraid to "look into her eyes".
The concept of a borderline situation psychologyConsiders, as a designation of the experience of existential fear and anxiety before the unknown. Since philosophy and psychology have a close relationship, psychology also maintains that only in life-threatening circumstances a person is able to know his true being, he becomes himself. It is fear that reveals a person's connection with the world and makes him free from everyday rules, rules, attitudes. In fear, a person learns all his existence, and all urgent matters and projects seem to him so conditional in time. Even when a person feels that he is aware of his purpose, and that he thinks he loves life, he still gets the true meaning only in the face of death.
The concept of a border situation is largeMeaning in the existential concept, because to experience these conditions and to exist is one and the same thing. In the process of existance, a person manifests his self, the "I", which in turn manifests his freedom. It is in freedom that the being of self is hidden. Since man was able to comprehend himself, proceeding from freedom, he thereby comprehended his transcendence. Only in experiencing feelings of helplessness is man able to know his being and become free. This is experienced in extreme conditions, where external circumstances lead to death, and in situations where a person loses a loved one, has a feeling of guilt about him, or is afraid of real life, he is afraid to accept himself and everything that is happening.