Bulimia is a mental disorder associated withwith food intake, which is characterized by a sharp increase in appetite, beginning in the form of a paroxysmal agonizing hunger. This disease often affects young women, in whom the psyche is most affected. Patients do not have the willpower and are not able to control the amount of food eaten.
The disease provokes some diseases of the central nervous or endocrine system, mental abnormalities.
Bulimia and its causes: heredity, way of life, low self-esteem, psychological disorders, impulsiveness, personal problems, lack of serotonin, "jamming" of problems, long-term diets that caused disruptions in food; the desire for perfectionism, active sports; public order for slenderness, as a standard;
, imbalance of electrolytes (salts and minerals), obsessive thoughts and actions, increased anxiety.
There are two types of disease. The first type is the classic and the second type is the stage of anorexia.
The first type is marked by vomiting, abuse of diuretics, laxatives, enemas.
The second type of bulimia is characterized by compensating behavior. The patient starves, actively goes in for sports, does not abuse enemas, laxatives, diuretics, does not cause vomiting.
This disease is characterized by constant,long, very painful bouts of hunger and the inability to stop before a huge amount of food. Patients choose beautiful, large, fatty pieces of food for the meal, they love the sweet. After a meal, try to get rid of food as quickly as possible, causing vomiting. Often used diuretics, as well as enemas.
Symptomatology of the disease includes general weakness, pain in the epigastric region, increased wolfish appetite.
Disturbed eating behavior has its own scheme,which is characterized by a sudden attack of appetite, resulting in the absorption of a large amount of food or is characterized by the presence of constant hunger with the desire to absorb food at night.
Bulimia and its symptoms: dehydration of the body; damage to fingers, which the patient provokes vomiting; inflammation of the esophagus; twitching of the muscles and involuntary convulsions; diarrhea, dysbacteriosis, internal bleeding, exacerbations in the liver and kidneys, menstrual irregularities, neurasthenic diseases, heart disease.
The patient has increased anxiety, hisvisit obsessive actions and thoughts, there is a damaged tooth enamel and a problem with the gums, dehydration of the body, inflammation of the esophagus, involuntary convulsions, muscle twitching, diarrhea, dysbiosis, internal bleeding, exacerbations in the liver and kidneys, menstrual irregularities, heart diseases , neurasthenic manifestations.
People satisfied with their appearance units andnot everyone can live with it. In pursuit of an ideal figure or after relieving nervous tension people fall into the trap of bulimia. How does this happen? After fasting or nervous overstrain, a person jumps on food without the willpower to stop. For this reason, people become addicted to bulimia nervosa. The personalities who suffered from bulimia nervosa are Princess Diana, the famous Twiggy model, Ernest Hemingway's granddaughter Margo Louise, the fashion model Kate Moss, Elvis Presley, the leading aerobics and actress Jane Fonda.
The causes of bulimia nervosa lie in a constantstressful state, in a person's vulnerability and uncertainty, and also in solitude, constraint by different conventions. That is why the very process of absorbing food brings a person joy, satisfaction.
Anorexia and bulimia
Bulimia and anorexia are simultaneously contradictory and equally inherently diseases. Let's look at their essence.
Bulimia - this is a nervous gluttony, followed bydevastation of the stomach to not recover, and anorexia is a voluntary refusal to eat for weight loss. Patients with bulimia are concerned about remorse, doubts, loss of control over what is happening. The behavior itself is very similar to the behavior of anorexic people. It distinguishes them from patients with anorexia - the ability to hide their disease for a long time, and also to keep the weight within the limits of the norm. There are mixed syndromes, in which anorexia can evolve into bulimia and vice versa. One of the causes of the occurrence of anorexia and bulimia are numerous diets. Therefore, before you go on a diet or get under the influence of someone else's opinion, stereotypes - think about your health. Especially it concerns young people, when at the stage of becoming as a person, external standards are perceived, not spirituality of a person.
Than it threatens? For some time you will achieve the desired standard, however, in time, there will be a conflict with yourself at the mental level, and you will cease to respect yourself, you will want to return to the habitual way of life earlier, but you can not do it. If you are already under the power of these ailments, then you want to recommend to stop hiding your condition and turn to specialists. First of all, to a psychotherapist or psychiatrist. These ailments carry a great danger to health, which is preceded by a personality disorder with a loss of habitual way of life. If you think that your problem will not be recognized, then you are deeply mistaken. This can not be hidden for a long time.
It is very difficult for one to cope with his problem. How to get rid of bulimia by yourself? To do this, it will be necessary to exert strong-willed efforts and finally make a decision for yourself to withdraw from this state. Then forget about all kinds of diets. Yes, a small increase in weight will occur, but this is the only thing you will have to accept. Your task is to have a balanced diet in small portions without the expectation of hunger. In no case should there be a sensation of heaviness in the stomach, so that there is no desire to snatch food. Since the moment you made a decision to cure your illness, stop refusing to attend birthdays and other feasts before your recovery.
How to treat bulimia? Effective sessions of psychotherapy, antidepressants, sedatives and patience of relatives.
Treatment of bulimia includes a complex complexaction, which is aimed at restoring an upset diet. The emergence of bulimia affects the influence of unfavorable factors, which in turn provoke the appearance of emotional detachment, stress, anxiety, experience due to traumatic circumstances, the emergence of dissatisfaction with themselves, depression, personal depersonalization. Due to these reasons, it is necessary to allow the body to fully relax, to give up all kinds of diets and overeating.
Psychological treatment of the disease includes psychotherapy, which is entrusted with the restructuring of the body's work on the attitude to the process of eating. It is necessary to consult a dietician.
How to cure bulimia? The methods of treating bulimia are aimed at eliminating the true causes of the disease. Often, women who are prone to the disease successfully hide the passion for food, secretly wanting to get rid of this problem. It seems to the sick that the whole world has turned away from them, and they do not receive anything in return. This injustice patients seize food. In the group of risk, there are often athletes chasing after high results, as well as people engaged in show business, model business, dancing, ballet.
Attacks of bulimia progress after personalquarrels, conflicts, failures, disputes, overburdened depressions, disappointments. Primary forms of bulimia are noted by psychological discomfort. The patient severely criticizes, and also negatively assesses his actions, experiencing the blame for overeating. Complete recovery includes the need to take and pass through the problem of the disease. Tell yourself the stop! Change your life schedule, food, and stop catering to public opinion. You live once and your life needs to live interesting. A strong person lives for himself, and not for someone.
Treatment of bulimia is to forman individual way of eating, based on measure, individuality and getting high. Food is pleasure, necessary energy, which is very important to plan.
How else to treat bulimia? Drug treatment of bulimia includes antidepressants, for example, fluoxetine. The antidepressant effect of fluoxetine is combined with the stimulating effect. The patient improves his mood, relieves tension, anxiety, dysphoria and a sense of fear go away. The therapeutic effect after the drug is noticeable four weeks after the start of therapy. The daily dose is 60 mg in three divided doses. Elderly people are recommended to reduce the daily dose. Painful anorexia, as well as with liver and renal failure, daily intake of fluoxetine is reduced to 10 mg.
In the most aggravating circumstances of bulimiait is necessary to contact a psychiatrist and, if necessary, the patient is hospitalized. The patient is placed in the clinic, where special rehabilitation programs are used.
Prognosis of bulimia in case of timely treatmentare favorable. The doctor will appoint an appropriate examination, as well as study the history of the disease. The patient will be shown diet therapy, recommended advice on changing lifestyle. To the majority of patients the group psychotherapy effectively helps. Feeling a sense of shame, patients feel much better when they learn that they are not alone in their behavior.
Sometimes doctors use hypnosis or teachpatient technique of self-hypnosis. The purpose of the method is to help control the desire to eat food unlimitedly. After bulimia, preventive measures include a healthy, adequate, psychological setting in the family, as well as emotional support for the patient.
Consequences of bulimia
The main consequence of bulimia is obesity. Bulimia and obesity are very interrelated diseases. If bulimia is not treated, then it can lead to obesity. Obesity manifests itself in the excessive deposition of adipose tissue of the human body due to constant overeating. The disease has a tendency of chronic progression, which leads to various ailments, subsequently needing lifelong treatment.
Often the problem of those with bulimia remains onpersonal level, and treatment is reduced to self-treatment, which is a danger to health. Competent and effective treatment of bulimia and obesity is carried out under the guidance of doctors. Specialists can help to achieve the desired weight to the patient and then keep him constantly in the norm. At the moment, doctors refer obesity to an exchange chronic disease, and the main cause of obesity is considered bulimia, which leads to disruption of the brain, responsible for appetite.
The consequences of bulimia are not only extra pounds, but also a problem with gums, with tooth enamel, with the esophagus, with the intestines, with the heart, as well as malfunctioning of the liver and kidneys.
Bulimia and its consequences are also neurasthenia, narcotic, drug dependence, loss of interest in life, destruction of relationships with loved ones and possible death.