Child psychology

Development of a child in 1 year, features of development

Development of the child in 1 year is not less important period,than the first year of life crumbs. A one-year-old youngster, having achieved certain achievements in development and learning to move independently, goes back to the next stage of development, which is marked by the carrying out of research and the commission of all kinds of discoveries. Therefore, at this milestone of development, the main thing for him will be acquaintance with the realities of the vast external world. Such familiarization will occur through a variety of experiments, the study of objects, observations and training.
For the crumb become more meaningful all heardnew sounds and visual images in the period described. His speech has a connection more with emotional manifestations and more like an interjection. The child talks most of the time with himself, but from the relatives, understanding his babbling and the corresponding actions of the parents for him are quite important. Also, the child responds with parental requests with pleasure to adequate actions. In addition, the one-year-old has learned to distinguish when she is scolded, and when the praises are sung. At this stage, the karapuz is increasingly discovering independence and strives to insist on not insisting on his own emotions, can throw a tantrum, which consists in falling to the floor, shrill screaming and kicking feet.

Early development of a child from 1 year

One-year-old baby is characterized by activity andmobility. He does not sit in one position and in one place. After all, the crumb tries to learn the world in ways that are accessible to him, while improving the acquired physical skills.
Early development of a child from 1 year is characterized byfast pace. The kid already knows how to make various actions with objects, he can add them or, conversely, scatter them, he knows how to knock them. The karapuz has learned to climb up to low steps or other elevations, throw a large light ball and clumsily catch it. He is already actively showing interest in all sorts of small items. It is interesting to him to open the doors, twist the caps and perform other manipulations with the help of fingers. Also, he can perform simple tasks, such as: feed the doll, find the hidden object, throw the ball. In games, the crumb tries to imitate parental behavior. In addition, there is an active development of the speech of the child in 1 year. The kid likes to listen when parents read children's books or sing funny songs with him.
Also a new growth of this period isaspiration to independence. At one-year-old age it is very important to support the karapuz in his aspirations, so that later a self-sufficient and self-sufficient person will grow out of a disobedient and shabutnogo Bootuza. Parents need to try to pay maximum attention to the children: read books to him, play and draw with him, in other words, try to develop the potential inherent in all possible ways.
Development of a child in 1 year assumes, beforein all, the development of his speech and the enrichment of the vocabulary, the coordination of movement, the development of fine motor skills of the hands. The active development of the child's speech in 1 year is due to studies aimed at developing fine motor skills of the hands. For the development of motor skills apply all sorts of finger games, large puzzles, toys, liners and others.
Features of child development 1 year include the following:
- without problems to rise on the lower limbs;
- without the help of parents to walk;
- with the support of parents for the hands to run;
- copying adults, reproduce some simple actions and have fun with it; without outside help from a cup of drinking;
- pronounce individual elementary words;
- understand the requirements of adults;
- name the names of parents and other family members, often severely distorting them; ask for a pot.
One-year-old carpenter aspires to knowledge of newsounds and study of various subjects, so he happily knocks on a glass or a plate with a spoon, experiments with his own voice and toys. He likes to mix something with a spoon, draw pictures of food, turn over jars, boxes and other containers, pour out the contents or fall asleep there, pull the toy with a rope. In general, all actions of the crumb are aimed at teaching the use of objects according to their purpose.
After reaching the shortest one-year age setweight and increase in growth slow down. After all, the baby begins to move more, which means that almost all energy is directed at providing motor activity.
To the child 1 year and 2 months development it happens through the game process. At one-year-old age, he reminds the researcher to the laboratory - everything tastes and tastes, he studies all subjects in sight. Therefore, the usual phenomenon at the one-year stage will be the aspiration of the Bootuz to dump everything out of the open cupboard and try to comprehend the value of dumped objects or things. This is for him the best fun!
To the child 1 year and 3 months development, still depends on the emotions, as well as the consciousness included in the work. At this time, the karapuz begins to realize what it means to play together and to show interest in peers.
Child 1 year and 4 months development it is characterized by an active manifestationown character. This phase of development is considered to be the most capricious in children's development: the crumb herself is eager to choose food that she likes, while she can try a couple of spoons and instantly reject the food. At this stage, the child is even more changeable than the English weather. Therefore, parents should train tolerance, and also try to carefully observe the addictions of the karapuza. Child development at 1, 5 years old implies even greater autonomyButuza. Therefore, seventeen months is considered a time of active comprehension of the world. The kid has already learned how to coordinate movements, and so he stomps, and the spheres of his interest are truly endless. The one-and-a-half-year-old Butuz was noticeably stronger physically, his expression became more meaningful. The task of parents at this age stage is to help children learn and comprehend the surrounding reality and space, while it is necessary to monitor the observance of security along with maintaining its maximum independence.

Child development 1, 6 years is the transition from walking to uncertainI run, which is the most important characteristic of motor development. In addition, an equally important task of this phase of formation lies in the development of active speech. Only thanks to communication with the adult environment, the so-called "autonomous" speech arises in an eighteen month old baby. He tries to speak a simplified language. Each kid has his own language, which is understandable only to his close associates.
A child at 1, 6 years of age declares himself as aan equal interlocutor, counting on communicating with an adult close environment. Autonomous speech is the stage that brings out the crumbs to a more serious stage of communicative interaction. The karapuza during this period simply overwhelms the joy of active communication with the environment, the desire to comprehend everything through our own experience. This stage of development is held under the slogan "I myself!". The karapuz tries not to lose a second of time. There is so much around the unknown! The child becomes quite indifferent, that adults show him what they talk about, what they teach him, and how they do everyday things.
Development of a child 1, 6 years old is characterized bygreat expectations of the baby from the adult environment. As a result, parents should pay more attention to their children in order to build a basis for his future abilities.
Child development 1, 7 years old characterized by awareness of their ownpreferences. For example, he likes games with cars, and absolutely does not like to go to bed during the day. In addition, he suddenly begins not to hear when his parents say "no", if he does not agree with this.
Feature of child development 1, 7 years oldassumes the awareness of the baby as a person. He is already able to recognize his own reflection in the mirror, and also likes to repeat and take part in all domestic affairs. Parents need to support the crumbs in all endeavors, and not to brush it off.
Child 1 year 8 months development physical plan allows him to easilyclimbing on the steps of the ladder while descent can still cause difficulties. In twenty months, the little one not only walks confidently, but also clumsily runs. Also, the crumb can partially undress. Adults are advised to allow children to try to undress themselves. If previously parents tried to accustom crumbs to a pot, then at this stage he will ask for it.
Child development 1.9 years assumes the ability to throw the ball into the distance or down,toss it with both hands. The kid can already understand a short story about the near past, perform a sequence of actions at the request of an adult. The vocabulary consists of approximately 350 words. The karapuz is aware of his sex.
Child 1 year 10 months development it allows you to do about 5 socks on your toeswithout support, hit the ball naked in such a way that it rolls. Some babies already know how to jump with their two legs in place, without falling. The karapuz must already be able to dress independently, in part: pulling socks or a cap. The quantity and quality of household skills is growing. A kid can control physiological needs.
In general, the development of a child from 1 to 3 yearsprovides for a separation into three periods. From twelve to eighteen months, the first period lasts, which marks a certain proportion of the independence of crumbs and its research inclinations. From eighteen to twenty-four months, the second period lasts, in which the Bootuz improves the skills acquired earlier, determines his own place in the world. The third period is the most active intellectual formation of the child.

Development of children from 1 to 2 years

One-year-old is curious enough, sometimeseven curious, and characterized by high cognitive activity. Chad took the course to conduct all sorts of experiments with objects that fell into his field of vision. Also of considerable interest in him are all moving objects and mechanisms. At this age stage, the crumb already knows how to combine toys with others, build towers from cubes, collect a picture cut into several parts, compare similar objects.
Development of children from 1 to 2 years of life is complicateda number of crises associated with adulthood. The child at this phase of development begins to feel himself as a separate individual from the mother and to know himself, to seek his own "I". Every new child accomplishment is, in a way, a leap. Often, in individual children, such mini-crises provoke so-called disruptions in behavior. For example, some children begin to be capricious or have a disturbed sleep.
Most psychologists are convinced that the onlya period in which hysterics are permissible, is the one-year-old age of the youngster. After all, he does not have enough vocabulary to explain his desires and behavior, and hysterics are his usual way of acting. He simply does not know how. Just a couple of months ago, he just had to whimper, and his parents immediately resorted to him, calmed him, comforted him, fulfilled his desires. And today, although he has grown up a little, he does not own another way of attracting attention. Parents need to understand that the karapuz himself can not cope with the
, he just does not manage to calm down on his own, so you should pick up a child and hold it to yourself. And screaming, spanking the pope, swearing is wrong and harmful for the further development of the child.
To the child 1 year and 2 months development he continues to go forward with leaps and bounds,as a result of which the child begins to deny the parental authority thereby, seeking to establish its own independence. Parents may think that the fourteen-month-old kids deliberately throw everything around, but it's not. They just scrupulously study the environment and get acquainted with the unknown objects. The kid is not yet able to concentrate his attention.
To the child 1 year and 3 months development suggests the improvement of the motor. The kid can grasp the whole pencil with a brush and even scribble it, he begins to enjoy the game manipulation with sand or water, draws his first scrawl on paper. The child is stable at 1 year and 3 months, crouches, turns, holds the cup confidently with two handles and practically, without spilling, drinks from it, tries to eat by himself a spoonful of porridge from the plate.
Child 1 year and 4 months and its developmentcharacterized by the following features: the formation of the ability to recall and reproduce the actions of another subject that occurred earlier. As a result, it was possible for a child to learn, based on what he saw.
Child development at 1, 5 years old is the time of active knowledge of the environment. Therefore, babies need the constant presence of their mother very much. It is necessary to spend more time with the child at this stage. In physical development, there are also improvements: he already walks confidently and on different surfaces, falls less often, and when he falls he can correctly group.
In the age of eighteen months, you cannotice significant positive changes in child behavior. One can note the appearance of selectivity and purposefulness in the actions of crumbs. Now, wanting to feel the unknown object, the harmlessness of which the kid is not sure, he will carefully apply first one finger, and then the palm as a whole.
Child 1 year 8 months development characterized by the following features: improving memory and increasing the range of household skills. Children perfectly know where their belongings lie. From this age period it is necessary to accustom the crumb to collect toys, after the game.
Child development 1.9 years assumes his emotional poiseduring the day. The karapuz becomes sensitive to various intonations, he misses parting with his mother, becomes strenuous in unfamiliar surroundings, takes offense in response to punishment, the pyramid can be assembled in the right order, orientated in about four colors.
Child 1 year 10 months development involves the acquisition of abilitymove up and down the steps without using the support or help from the parents, play the ball, part dress and eat yourself, hold the cutlery in the handles correctly, turn the door handles, use the handkerchief or napkin, after the mother's pointer.
Development of a child from 1 to 3 years should not be wornviolent character. Not all children develop the same way, and there is nothing terrible if the little man learns to eat himself a little later, but he, for example, has a vocabulary higher than the norm.

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