Psychological concepts

Complex for the revitalization of an infant - psychology

The revitalization complex is emotionalmotor reaction, which the child expresses in relation to the adult. The concept of a "revitalization complex" was introduced by the psychologist N. M. Schelovanov in the 20 th of the twentieth century. The complex of animation in the child begins to show poorly approximately from the third week of its vital activity.
The period of newborns is rather peculiarstage of the life of a newborn baby. The stage of the newborn from birth to the beginning of the second month of life. One fact of birth is a huge shock. Before the birth, the existence of the baby took place in a vegetatively physiological rhythm, relative permanence and stay in a sparing environment. When a child is born, the child falls sharply into absolutely different conditions of life and the outside world. It is because of acute changes in life that the period of newborns is called a crisis period.
Having appeared, the infant already has a certain set of reflexes. Some reflexes provide the ability of a physiological
organism to the surrounding world and are saved in the future, other reflexes are atavistic, pass in the first year and no longer arise.
The presence of reflexes is not the basis formental development and the formation of complex reactions. Unlike animal calves, a human child is much less provided with innate forms of behavior, since all human
behavior is formed and fixed in his lifetime.
The complex of animation is expressed by fading anda child's cycling on objects or sounds, followed by a smile, sounds and movements. Also, the revitalization complex of the child is accompanied by rapid breathing, joyous screams and other reactions.
More intensively, the revitalization complex appears inchild at the age of two months. With normal development, it is observed in its entirety. The emotional motor reaction becomes more intense in the period up to three to four months, and at the end of this time it disintegrates, transforming into more complex patterns of behavior.
With a lack of communication, the revitalization complexthe child may be delayed, deviations in his expression may also be formed: the incompleteness of the components of the revitalization complex, the reactive character, the increase in the latent period, the weak intensity of the manifestation of the components.
Diagnosing the level of formationsituational and personal communication, the greatest importance is attached to the availability of the initiative of the revitalization complex. A weak manifestation of some elements of the revitalization complex can be a symptom of the physiological or anatomical pathology of the activity of various analyzers. This may indicate signs of a developmental disorder in the child's body.
The physiological criterion for the end of the period of the revitalization complex is visual and auditory concentration, the manifestation of conditioned responses to auditory and visual stimuli.
A medical criterion is the child's achievement of the weight in which he was born - this indicates a healthy functioning of the body's systems.
Around the revitalization complex there is a discussionwhether he is a differentiated emotional reaction of the child to perceived from the outside world, or a complex of animation is the simplest unreasoned reflex. There are supporters of the first and second interpretations, which adhere to their own opinion on this matter.

Complex for reviving a baby

The first month after the birth of the child isthe most difficult period in a person's life. Therefore, you need to try to keep the kid surrounded by peace, attention and warmth. It is impossible from the first days of the newborn to bring down on him an avalanche of new impressions and interact with him too actively. You do not need to hurry the child's development.
Some parents give the child too brighttoys or include melodic music, and expect that the child will begin to pay attention to them. You just have to wait when the time comes, and not forcibly cause emotional reactions. It is with a complex of animation comes everything that parents are waiting for.
The revitalization complex includes:
- reaction of fading in the first seconds of interaction with the object;
- visual concentration - long andgaze, directed and fixed on the object of attention, if the kid sees an adult, then he pays the greatest attention to the eyes of the person; - the smile of the baby, which now truly expresses sincere joy;

- animated movements, with which the kid shows his interest - he throws up his legs and pulls his hands, moves the head and bends the back to the adult;
- vocalization (voice reactions) - the kid attracts attention with the help of loud short screams or prolonged walking.
The above-described basic components of the revitalization complex should manifest themselves together, since it is the set of reactions that is considered a complex.
After the birth of a baby, it experiences great stress. He falls into a completely unfamiliar and new world for him, which is full of bright colors, strange people, temperature drops, loud sounds and so on.
The baby is used to warmth, comfort and coziness inmother's belly, a measured knock on the heart of the mother, which calms and lulls, so it is very important to keep the baby in your arms in the first weeks, because only near the mother does he feel safe.
It is desirable to remember that having a babyany neurological problems can lead to the fact that the revitalization complex in the child will not appear in a timely manner, but with a slight detention. Emotional motor reaction in a child occurs when a mother or someone from adults who cares for him appears.
The revitalization complex includes such reactions,which the child meets a loving person - the movement of handles and legs, joyful walking and a sweet smile. In fact, the baby smiled even earlier, but in a dream, and only now his smile refers to specific people.
After about 2 weeks, the child beginsfocus on the surrounding objects, especially those with whom he will have to contact, can look at people's faces. After a month of his life, the baby becomes able to distinguish between sounds and recognize the mother's voice among other sounds. In a few weeks, he can give all the actions a single meaning, to connect a chain of them - mother's hands, feeding, voice and mother's face. All this baby determines how good and reacts to everything with positive emotions. The child takes a new world and he likes what he sees, and he is happy, because his emotions are positive.
The revitalization complex appears in the child inthe age of one month. Similar reactions have arisen before, but now they are manifested in the complex - the child responds to a familiar voice and smiles, if someone bends over the crib, spends a glance and watches at a distance behind the movements of a person.
An important new formation of the revitalization complexis the establishment of conscious visual contact with the child. While he does not distinguish the faces of parents from the others around him, and this skill comes only to the middle of the first year of life. After this time he will learn to smile at individuals, not everyone in a row and watchful, approach and communicate with strangers. He also consciously looks at people and remembers them.
The revitalization complex is transformed into much more complex forms of behavior, which are based on each individual reaction. This transformation takes place at the age of four months.
There are various studies in which it is hypothesized that the revitalization complex is not just a response
, which expresses the joyful excitement that thisis a means of communication with adults. If this is the case, then the revitalization complex will have a different character, in accordance with the situation and depending on the task of communication.
If it so happens that the revitalization complex ythe child does not appear in due time, it is advisable to think about what the problem is. The untimely manifestation of emotionally motor reactions is quite an alarming symptom for parents, as it can notify about severe disorders of the psyche, such as the syndrome
At the age of ten full weeks the baby beginslook at my mother or other loved one, greet him with a smile and start moving when contacting the object, if it is not so, then you should think whether everything is in order.
In the education of the child in everything you need to observe the measure. You can allow him to take the initiative, let the kid freely express their emotions and actions. It is not necessary to sit at the children's bed all the days or nights or to run riotously at the first sobbing of the child. The kid will get used to the fact that parents are always there and he will not have the need to attract the attention of adults every time and make great efforts to do so, which in the future can affect his behavior, especially in expressing initiative. And of course, on the other hand, it is also important not to forget about the child and in case of real need to be near him.
With a newborn you need to talk often. Mom should talk with the baby during feeding, bathing or in the process of changing clothes to cause a revival complex.
A complex of animation for a child is an opportunityto turn to the outside world and surrounding people, to get acquainted with them and begin to interact. Therefore, the revitalization complex is considered a sufficiently significant indicator of the normal healthy mental development of the infant. Young parents should know how important it is to monitor the behavior and reactions of the child, and in case of deviations, immediately consult a doctor.

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