Delinquent behavior is antisocial,illegal behavior, which manifests itself in such actions that harm society, threaten the lives of others and the general social order, are criminally punishable. Sounds like a Latin "delictum", which translates as "misconduct". This concept defines the meaning of this behavior, that is, delinquent behavior is behavior that denotes misconduct against society, against social norms and rules. Different sciences, mainly social ones, are engaged in studying this behavior, because, first of all, it is expressed in misdemeanors that affect the environment of a person, and, in general, fights off in a negative way on a public order, and the state is built from each person; it is important that the order is observed, for this, methods of preventing offenses are applied.
Delinquent and criminal conduct have a relationship between each other, more precisely, criminal is a form of delinquent, and in most cases a criminal case is opened against such an offender.
Delinquent behavior is directional toviolation of state norms and laws. In most cases, a teen delinquent is a criminal, and when he reaches adulthood, he is called an antisocial personality. The behavior of a delinquent can be in the form of minor violations, then it is called antisocial. When violations reach the level of a criminal offense, it is considered criminal. Not every deviant behavior is delinquent, but all manifestations of delinquent behavior are deviant. The older generation believes that in the modern world, all adolescents and young people are criminals, and often attribute to them all kinds of misconduct. But they do not understand that there is a big difference between young people who just walk for a long time, loudly listens to music, dresses extravagantly, has a flashy make-up, hairstyle and those who share leisure time with alcohol, hooliganism, misdemeanors, illegible sexual intercourse and communicate with using obscene language.
Delinquent behavior is a behavior that hasa number of features. It is special in that there is no clear boundary where the offense begins. For example, an adult who shies away from paying taxes, is lying to state employees, also acts illegally, but nobody calls it a delinquent. The second feature of delinquent behavior is strict regulation by laws, legal norms, disciplinary rules. The third feature is that of all kinds of deviations, it is the illegal that is considered the most serious, since it becomes a threat to public order. And one more peculiarity of delinquent behavior is that it always means a conflict between one person or group of offenders and the rest of society, more specifically, between individual interests and aspirations, and the direction of society.
Delinquent and deviant behavior
Delinquent and deviant behaviors describebehavior contrary to the rules of society, and there are differences between them. Deviant is relative, refers to cultural norms of only one group, and delinquent behavior is absolute in relation to state norms.
For example, a robbery in the street is considered a kind of earnings and according to the law, such an action is considered a crime, even if it had a noble meaning, and this does not mean a rejection.
it is deviant, it characterizes actions that contradict expectations, officially established rules, and formed in the social group in which the person is.
Delinquent behavior is a behavior that is considered to be socially deviant, it means illegal actions that threaten life activity and social well-being
. Such illegal offenses are calleddelicts, and the most delinquent - a delinquent. His behavior may be regulated, through laws, disciplinary rules and social norms. Often, such control provokes even greater opposition. Therefore, no matter how much society tries to punish the delinquent, he will always do what he wants to the last. His actions are explained by the presence of an internal conflict between personal desires and aspirations and demands of society.
In delinquent behavior a measure of the permissibleis the law, in the deviant - the standards and norms of society, and to achieve the desired, they can use all possible means. From such personalities in the future, criminals, or delinquents, who constantly have problems with crime, grow up.
Delinquent behavior of adolescents
Delinquent behavior of minorsarises under the influence of one experienced friend or group of teenagers who are not even antisocial, but have bad habits. A company in which adolescents are not engaged in any serious business, sport, art or diligent teaching of lessons, are only concerned with the fact that they watch movies, discuss them, go shopping, and in shopping centers, and it happens that they are bored, and they are looking for more an interesting occupation that united their company, but they can not assume that it can be, for example, sports. From boredom and idleness, they begin to see a way out in alcohol, drugs, which, in general, generates delinquent behavior. But, of course, not all teenagers are delinquents. There are some that are not at all interested in and do not get involved in such activities. Much depends on
, accentuation, individual
, which may be a prerequisite for the occurrence of delinquency. Basically, adventurism and
, choleric temperament, specificitymoral consciousness, contribute to the formation of delinquency. Such adolescents have special mechanisms for the functioning of the psyche, and then they can be divided into three groups. Some of them, which can be called repentant, have primitive antisocial needs and certain moral rules. These needs are very strong, and under their pressure,
positively resolved in their direction, and the moral level is lowered. But after the deed, they will be tormented by conscience.
Another group of teenagers are those who do nothave an internal conflict, do not repent of their deed, and their conscience does not torment them. They do not have inner moral restraint, so whenever possible they embody their desires and antisocial needs in life, and often the actions that they have taken pass the line of socially acceptable norms, because of which they are already rejected from the society. Often, such adolescents act in a group and they have a leader who often does not do the crime himself, but only directs what others should do.
Delinquent behavior of minors withthe third group is the most dangerous. They confront the moral norms of society absolutely consciously. Their views are cynical, and the needs are very strong. They easily cross the boundaries of the allowed, they simply do not see them, and commit a crime.
It is believed that socio-economic reasonsdelinquent behavior of adolescents is very significant. The destruction of public culture and the replacement of spiritual values, ethical and aesthetic norms into the background, the problems of economics and finance in the country, the development of the shadow economy, illegal business, migration of the population, the distribution of materials containing violence, cruelty, pornography, luxury media. Adolescents are very influenced by any factors and information, but if they are still given this information in such a light, disturbing their consciousness and psyche, they penetrate into everything, and with great interest absorb these stimuli. They also see a kind of illusory ideology of society, and consider it to be true, and they borrow it into their life activity. Such a specific ideology encourages and even justifies the criminal way of life. Therefore, having committed a crime, a teenager feels protected, he thinks he has an excuse and denies his responsibility for what he did, because he did not have any psychological or moral barriers, he felt free to act when he saw in some film or broadcast that crime is justified.
The causes of delinquent behavior of adolescentsalso lie in family relations. This behavior can be caused by relationships with parents, or rather inadequate, poor relations. A teenager because of a quarrel in the house can escape from him, skip school, fight, make a hooligan act. And it is all the most serious acts that are caused not by the gang, into which the individual enters and their values, namely because of a misunderstanding of his house. Sometimes, not so open a conflict precedes the escape, as, on the contrary, indifferent and indifferent behavior of parents in the life of a teenager.
Adolescents love attention very much, they are dependent onhim, and the manifestation of indifference to them from the relatives themselves becomes very painful and unbearable for them. If there are two generations under one roof of the house, and they pretend that they do not notice each other, but only together live together, neither supporting and helping each other, nor giving emotional warmth and love, sooner or later one should expect a conflict in this house. It's like a time bomb, one way or another, someone has to break, and if there is a child in this family, then most likely it will be responsible for it, as on the most sensitive and impressionable of all living together. Then the child begins to seek refuge where he will be accepted, often falling into those groups that should be avoided, but they offer this, which is why he simply can not refuse, and this is exactly what allows him to forget about everything bad, about all that was at home and it turns out to be exactly what you need. Of course, here we mean drugs or alcohol. And the teenager from that moment tears up all family relations, spiritual ties and considers his family new friends with what he likes so much, and with what he can do such bold deeds, which he never dared and feels satisfaction (vandalism, hooliganism) . According to some sociologists, it is in wealthy families that similar problems are observed. In families where people concentrate on making money, and the child was born, so that when they can no longer, he continues to earn. In such families there are no relations, they do not communicate and perceive it in such a way that it should be so, that it was and will be. Such a modern trend, and it is observed more in the countries of the West. If family conditions are unfavorable, and adolescents deny generally accepted norms of communication and behavior, they are exposed to criminal influence.
One of the most important causes of delinquency isinsufficiently developed, or distorted moral consciousness. Having once felt the need for alcohol or intimacy, and having satisfied their desire, they begin to desire this very often and in unbearable amounts. And the wretchedness of these needs, and the indiscrimination in the ways to satisfy them, also cause the circle of acquaintances and friends with whom they used to communicate to be very narrow, even those who were close and neighbors do not want to have any more connections with them. But there are new friends with whom the common pastime in the get-together unites. They do not have socially approved interests, classes, do not attend circles and sections on sports. With each of such a company, even their classmates do not communicate, and they must be formed into gangs from the dregs of society.
Often the propensity to commit an offense arises,when neither at home nor in school a teenager is not accepted. Though teenagers are never shown, they are very important to them, they perceive them as important close people, especially those who like it very much and when they do not receive feedback and support, they become sad at first, but then follows the reaction anger and this anger leads to aggressive actions.
The cause of delinquency there can be a lot of free time. Since most potential delinquents do not like study, do not engage in hobbies, their leisure is primitive and monotonous. They can take new information, easy, which does not need to be intellectually processed, and the transfer of this information to peers. An empty conversation about nothing, walking around shopping centers without a purpose, watching TV - these are the first steps towards the degradation of the person, then - alcohol, gambling, drugs, toxic substances and others that give the opportunity to experience a new impression.
There is an opinion that delinquents are becomingonly extroverts, are focused on the external environment and people, because they are easier to join in the groupings. But there are also introverts, they act on their own, thus resolving their internal conflicts. Adolescent development occurs very intensively and quickly, and prevention of delinquent behavior must be carried out in time to prevent the formation of antisocial tendencies of the individual. In carrying out preventive work, it is important to accustom teenagers to the psycho hygiene requirements of behavior, the ability to make the right choice, to achieve the status of a socially competent person. Uncontrolled deviant behavior is delinquent, there is a person incapable of
. It is very important to start the formation of personal and social maturity in adolescents with the development of positive
, accepting oneself in a positive light, developingability to critical thinking, the ability to set socially important goals and be responsible for their words and actions. To the teenager has learned to make adequate decisions and make the right choice, he must learn
over emotions, stresses,
, own condition, anxiety. Learn how to solve conflicts in cultural ways, without insulting the enemy and harming him. Learn how to behave, with negative criticism, to know adequate ways of self-defense. Be able to say "no" to yourself, resist bad habits and learn to respect your body and lead a healthy way of life.
Speaking generally, prevention isa system of public, state, social, medical, psychological and educational activities focused on preventing, neutralizing the main grounds and circumstances that are acting defiantly on the manifestation of social deviations in the adolescent.
Prevention of delinquent behavior will be really effective if it isis applied on the basis of: good progress at school, emotionally positive and satisfying pupils of the system of relationships with others, mostly the closest and dearest, and an important component of psychological protection. Observance of all necessary conditions will ensure the harmonious development of the individual and minimize the occurrence of delinquent inclinations.
Prevention of delinquent behavior also hasthree approaches. According to the first, the formation of deviations in psychophysical development is prevented. After the second, the transition of developmental deviations to more chronic forms is prevented. The third approach is the social and labor adaptation of deviant personalities.
Social pedagogy seeks prevention asscientifically substantiated and timely actions are taken that are aimed at: prevention of all possible (biological, psychological, social) circumstances and conditions of minors who are at risk; protecting, maintaining and maintaining an acceptable standard of living and good health for the adolescent; help the adolescent in his own achievements socially significant goals and the disclosure of his potential, abilities, talents. There is also a list of preventive measures: eliminating, reimbursing, controlling preventive work and preventing circumstances that can cause social deviations. The effectiveness of such activities will be high if, together with them, several components are included: the focus on eliminating the causes of internal conflicts in adolescents and in the public and natural environment, and at the same time creating conditions through which the teenager will gain the experience necessary for solving individual problems; training skills that contributed to the achievement of goals; prevention of the emergence of problems and solutions to the problems that have arisen, the doctrine of conflict resolution strategies.
In general, in the prevention of delinquent behaviorwe can distinguish two main approaches, which in the best way and in a timely manner can bring up from a teenager a noble person - this is upbringing and education.
Forms of delinquent behavior
Delinquent behavior exists in many forms, but the most common and severe is crime,
In the study of crime, researchersthere are many factors that affect its dynamics. Among them: occupation, social status, level of education, degree of involvement of a person in public life. Crime has the factor of declassification, it means the weakening or total destruction of the relationship between the individual and the social group. Also, the question of the correlation of social and biological factors that have an effect on the formation of preconditions for criminal behavior in humans is being studied. Crime always exists and, perhaps, unfortunately, will be in society, it can not be eradicated, at least now. A person or is born with genes in which he has predisposition to commit crimes, and it can develop and manifest itself under the influence of certain factors, or the conditions of society and the circumstances of a person's life, push him to commit crimes. Therefore, crime is a reflection of human vices. Perhaps, society needs to forget about utopian ideas, about the eradication of crime as a social pathology and its retention at a socially tolerable acceptable level.
Addiction is a very terrible phenomenon,because this misfortune has ruined a huge number of human lives and every day mows new victims. Addiction brings great sacrifices to society, and the most serious consequences are displayed on the person, the quality of her life and her loved ones. And all the time people hope that they will find an effective way to deal with it and even more so prevention.
Sociological research demonstratesThe results, in which the main motives for the use of drugs are displayed, is the desire to experience special sensations and a thirst for euphoria. As the statistics show, most of the young drug addicts are young people, even teenagers, and due to the peculiarities of their growing up, the hormonal system reorganization, they have vague feelings, and in order to calm the raging feelings, they begin to look for different ways of relaxation, among the most popular - smoking, alcohol and drug addiction. Immaturity, frivolity, company influence and carelessness have become decisive factors in the emergence of dependence. In general, drug use among young people occurs within the group, sometimes the only thing that unites these people and there are drugs, and not other common interests that are socially acceptable. Many drug addicts use drugs in crowded places, for example, on the streets, at the cinema, on the beach, in the courtyard, sometimes they so much want to take a dose that they do not care where they are. Social, economic and cultural measures can be applied against drug addiction, but medical, psychological and legal measures have the greatest impact.
Prostitution is also a form of delinquentbehavior, but in some countries of the world, it is not talked about like that, it is equated with ordinary work. Prostitution is understood as the process of sexual intercourse with a person who is not married and has no love feelings or sympathies, and receive payment for them. It is important to distinguish that prostitution is neither extramarital sex, nor self-serving conjugal relationships, if individuals sympathize with each other. The emergence of prostitution is associated with the distribution of labor, the development of megacities and monogamy. In our society, for a very long time, the fact of the presence of prostitution was hiding, and such a prolonged hiding, and then exposure, led many people into a state of horror. But always what is forbidden causes unhealthy interest. From history it is known that there were three forms of politics for prostitution. Prohibitionism - prohibition, abolitionism - educational work for preventive purposes, with no prohibitions and registration and regulation, that is registration and medical supervision. Then they evaluated all three ways, and concluded that the prohibitions had no influence, and repression was ineffective, and neither legal nor medical regulation could affect the eradication of the problem of prostitution.
Delinquent behavior examples
Examples of delinquent behavior are best described in terms of its species.
Types of delinquent behavior: administrative violations, disciplinary offense, crime.
Administrative crimes are manifested inpetty hooliganism - obscene language in places of congestion, insulting attitude to others, also includes traffic disturbances and other actions that serve as a violation of public order and the tranquility of people.
An example of delinquent behavior isalcohol consumption in public places, transport and actions committed in intoxicated condition that offend the honor of citizens and destroys public morality. Prostitution, the spread of pornography, exhibitionism, as an atrocity drags administrative punishment and responsibility for the law on administrative violations.
Disciplinary action is a kind of delinquentbehavior, and is expressed in an unlawful default or inadequate performance by workers of their work duties, absenteeism, use of alcoholic beverages, narcotic substances during working hours, coming to work under the influence of alcohol, violation of the rules of protection, and entails responsibility, legislation.
Crime as the most dangerous kinddelinquent crime, is expressed in actions that pose a danger to society. They are prohibited under penalty of punishment by the Criminal Code. Such acts include: murder, theft, kidnapping, car theft, terrorism, vandalism, rape, fraud, drug trafficking and psychotropic substances. These crimes, although not all are listed here, are most severely punishable in accordance with the Criminal Code. Depending on the severity of the act, various penalties are applied in the amount of public works and minor fines, up to imprisonment. And they concern individuals who have reached the age of sixteen, sometimes fourteen. If the person who committed the atrocity did not reach the age necessary for criminal punishment, she is brought to account for educational character (severe reprimand, referral to a specialized educational institution, public works).
Delinquent and criminal behavior are the mostdangerous, because a delinquent teenager who commits criminal acts is very dangerous. He is very negative and distrustful towards society and he is not stopped by the law until he is punished by this law.
Delicts can be civil-law: moral damage, harm to the property of a person or organization, discrediting the reputation of a legal entity or an individual. Such actions are punishable by civil law.
Different kinds of delinquent behavior are exposedsocial condemnation and are also formalized by the state in legal norms, by describing the characteristics characterizing and defining as violations, for which different types of responsibility are introduced in the legislation.