Dysphoria is a mood disorder forWhich is characterized by tension, as well as melancholy and spiteful irritability, reaching an explosion of anger with aggressiveness. Often, this disorder is observed in a disease such as psychopathy, as well as epilepsy.
Dysphoria is the antonym of the term euphoria. The term dysphoria is called from Greek, meaning torment and suffering. This manifestation is very painful for a person.
Disease is observed in such diseases asDysmorphophobia, schizophrenia, hypoglycemia. The causes of this disease include insomnia, chronic pain, sexual dysfunction, hyperthyroidism, Cushing's disease, epilepsy, influenza, rheumatism.
Dysphoria is able to be present in the structureDepressive syndrome, and often observed as an acute reaction to stress. The disorder is often found in addiction, anxious neurosis, premenstrual syndrome, post-traumatic stress disorder, personality disorder (borderline personality disorder or dissocial personality disorder).
This disorder is characterized by a feelingDislike of others, gloomy irritability. The disease has no mental or motor retardation, but, on the contrary, is characterized by frequent affective flashes and ease in the manifestation of aggression.
Light dysphoria is characterized by meticulousness,Grumbling, touchiness, and sometimes sarcasm and irony. Often, an easy dysphoric environment perceives a characteristic feature of the individual.
Light dysphoria is characteristic of febrile patients,As well as patients taking high doses of steroids - hormones of the adrenal glands. In some cases, there is a changed affect, in others dislike and various degrees of irritation. Prisuschi impellent disorders.
In some patients there is a retardedState, others have increased activity and psychomotor agitation. Excitation in mild dysphoria is often monotonous and silent, while in short flashes it is accompanied by inarticulate sounds and cries. The patients complain that it is difficult for them to concentrate, to think, they do not always understand that they are being asked. In cases where the disorder lasts longer than a week, vegetative and somatic disorders are fixed: sleep disorder, loss of appetite, and as a result weight loss, dryness of mucous membranes, fluctuations in blood pressure, tachycardia.
Severe dysphoria is marked by anger, anguish,Feelings of despair, despair, and also outbursts of rage and is characterized by a sense of frustration, general dissatisfaction, loss of interest in life. A prolonged stay in this state can provoke the intake of alcohol, drugs, and also encourage the commission of illegal actions or suicide. Sometimes it seems that the patient's mood is a manifestation of an adequate response to the situations in which he falls, but the frequency and frequency of the symptoms make it possible to assume that this is a dysphoric disease.
In rare cases, the disorder manifests itselfState of exaltation, characterized by talkativeness, enthusiasm, reasoning about the ideas of greatness and delirium. Often the disease is observed in the extent of 2-3 days, much less often delayed to several weeks, and then cease unexpectedly.
In older people, the disorder proceeds asSlight depressive state with symptoms of anxiety. Persons of a younger age are prone to pickiness, as well as irritability. With somatogenic dysphoric disorders, there is no malignancy, affective tension, and deafness is less pronounced in contrast to epilepsy. The disease is accompanied by various disorders of the autonomic nervous system. In rare cases, the disease manifests itself as mild euphoria or apathy.
Dysphoria can often be prone tohealthy people. Gloominess, as well as gloomy mood overtakes a person like a thundercloud and then there is a sensitivity to all the actions of others, as well as a tendency to aggressive outbreaks. Many researchers attribute the disorder to varieties of non-convulsive seizures. How to differentiate dysphoria from depression?
Dysphoria is obsession, impatience, suddenness, self-aggression, sudden attacks, aggression. Changes in mood, as acutely arise, just as suddenly and disappear.
Depression also has protracted symptoms andCured by the sun, daylight. And the dysphoria is that someone else is worse than you, and from the realization of this, there is a relief of the condition. The highest peak of dysphoria is to bring trouble to someone who is good, so that it becomes bad.
This condition is a disorderGender identity, in which a person is not able to understand and accept the gender status of a woman or a man, and for this reason feels an acute dissatisfaction.
Gender dysphoria has various causes,Which lead to external manifestations, as well as duration. For example, if the behavior or physical appearance of a person does not correspond to gender norms, then in this case they speak of gender unconformity.
If a person violates gender boundariesThrough disguise - this is transvestism. Deep in the form of gender disorder include transsexuality, in which the individual rejects gender status, changes sex by surgery, and changes his passport.
It is necessary to differentiate gender dysphoria fromHomosexuality, because these are different phenomena. Many people who experience gender dysphoria are mentally normal, but despite this, it is still capable of combining with mental disorders. In this regard, sex change operations are conducted after a psychiatric examination.
This condition develops in women,Experiencing premenstrual syndrome. The state is characterized by low mood, depression, insomnia, a feeling of physical and mental discomfort, tearfulness, pain in the body.
Often a woman feels tired, depressed,With great difficulty concentrates attention. This disorder begins five days before the onset of menstruation and gradually disappears with the onset of menstruation. These symptoms are of a cyclic nature.
The diagnosis of premenstrual dysphoria is established if the symptoms affect a woman's condition and interfere with the quality of her life.
The tactics of treating dysphoric disorders depend on theFrom the features of the species, as well as the course of the disease. If epileptic dysphoria is observed, antiepileptic drugs or barbiturates are most effective in treatment. Effective combination of antipsychotics with anticonvulsant therapy. Light forms of the disease are stopped by Neuleptil.
Atypical state of the twilight state is removedNeuroleptics. The affective background, consisting of anger and irritability, is treated with the addition of sedatives. When there are signs of depression, a depressed state, antidepressants are recommended (Melipramine, etc.). Those who are ill with a pronounced form are placed in a psychiatric hospital.
Treatment of the premenstrual form includes the use of contraceptive oral agents with preparations of lithium, progesterone. It is also effective to treat tranquilizers and antidepressants.
When a suspected gender form is assignedPsychiatric examination and only then the doctor develops an individual program for the treatment of the patient. In severe cases, it is recommended to have sex change surgery.