Why does the child gnaw at the nails? About thirty percent of toddlers from six to ten years have an obsessive tendency to gnaw their nails. This habit comes from psychology. Medical science refers to the pernicious addiction of onychophagia under consideration. The discordant desire to bite the nails is less vulnerable girls. According to medicine, this phenomenon is due to the high stress-resistance of the female, as well as the development of emotional intelligence. More often the considered habit appears against a background of new life conditions, with which the child is psychologically unable to cope. That is why close relatives of children are important to realize that the cherished child is quite safe outwardly can have considerable stress inside.
The reasons why a child gnaws nails
The violation is oftenPsychological nature, rather than a flawed educational work of parents. At the same time, the psychological factors that cause themhaphagy are often quite deep. Therefore, the earlier they are exposed, the more reliable are the chances of eradicating the unpleasant habit and the factors that caused it.
To understand why a child gnaws at the nailsHands and feet need to identify the factors that formed in the child such a need. Some mothers are convinced that nibbling nails is a nervous one. In part, it's true, excitable kids start nibbling their nails quite early. From this obsession in the future, it is very difficult for children to free themselves. However, nervousness is not the only reason causing child onychophagy. A frequent factor that provokes children to bite their nails is stress.
Also often, when the kids begin to try onThe role of the student, then they experience strong intellectual, physical and psychological burdens. The number of guys biting their nails at school age is much higher than the number of babies suffering from this ailment in the preschool period.
Why does a child gnaw nails and how to wean? The reasons why a child gnaws nails on the hands and feet, there are many. This habit can be a substitute for one weakness to another. For example, many moms are struggling with the addiction of babies to suck a thumb. As a result, the babies begin to bite the nail plates. Insufficient care for the baby can also cause the appearance of the described habit. When the parents untimely cut the nails of the crumb and do not notice the interfering cuticle, the child independently removes the stimulus in an accessible way.
, Stress, state
, Constant experiences - all of the aboveCan give rise to the habit of gnawing nails. Punishment, received a crumb at home or at school, the fear of answering to the students at the board, the fear of getting bad marks causes anxiety in children.
Often, the causes of the disease are rooted inParental behavior. After all, kids try to copy their parents. If an adult or someone from the environment of a crumb has an obsessive habit in question, then the likelihood of a predilection for gnawing at the baby's nails increases at times.
The reasons why a child gnaws nails are as follows:
- in the internal
Crumbs (he may have an understated sense of self-esteem or be dissatisfied with himself);
- in physiology (maybe the crumb is the owner of weak nail plates, as a result of which the nails constantly break down, break down, bulge around the edges, which forces him to gnaw the interfering);
- in ordinary boredom, stimulating the childTo nail the nails (for example, the kid may not be interested in the lessons, as a result of which he unconsciously will find himself another occupation, which later will result in an obsession).
It happens that the crumb is just experiencing physical satisfaction from the very process of nail biting.
Often the pleasure to gnaw nail platesIs a kind of replacement of inaccessible to the baby, but pleasant actions. To eliminate the addictive habit provoked by this cause, it is necessary to carefully, without imposing, to offer the crumb a more entertaining occupation capable of satisfying it.
Some experts consider biting nails,Kids instinctively align, as if gnawing their own shortcomings, blunders and problems. Often, the reasons are visible to the naked eye, so they will not be able to identify their attentive parents. However, more often the etiological factor lies deep in the soul of the kids, and in order to extract them outward, the child psychologist will need assistance. In neglected cases, to understand why a child gnaws nails, psychologist's advice will only help.
How to wean a child to nail a nail
Constant nibble biting is prettyA common habit that affects not only the smallest members of society, but also adults. Often the violation under consideration gives parents a lot of trouble. Not every parent is able to successfully overcome this problem. In the first turn, due to the fact that the described habit they do not consider as a serious pathology. They are convinced that as it grows older, it will disappear on its own. This is a misconception, since they are often observed in adults. Experts argue that the described violation is not only a harmful addiction, but it can also often be a symptom of the pathological state of the crumbs.
Statistical surveys show thatThree-six-year-olds rarely bite their nails. This addiction is inherent in more than seven or ten-year-old babies (thirty percent of children of this age suffer from the habit of gnawing their nails).
Why does a child gnaw nails, what do adults do,Having discovered this habit? The appearance of this illness in the seven-year period is indicative of the unrest of crumbs associated with educational activities and school. Difficulties with comprehending the school curriculum, the performance of study assignments, poor relationships with peers are all stressors for kids, causing feelings of dissatisfaction with their own. The consequence of this is the appearance of the harmful habit in question. The feeling of insecurity, supported by reproaches from the teachers and parental accusations, is an acute alarm because of their own failures - this is a fertile ground, which is a solid basis for the emergence of the described violation as a means of complacency. Without having received support from relatives, the kid tries to free himself of stress and internal discomfort by biting off his nails. The physical or psychological penalties used by parents, the stressful microclimate of the family, the lengthy viewing of television programs are also often a breeding ground for this disease. For some children nibbling is a kind of protest or an attempt to annoy older relatives, as well as expression
, Concealed aggression.
The number of addicted to nibbleThe pubertal period rises to forty-five percent. This is explained by the increase in the number of problems and difficulties that arise in this period. It is because of this that parents should hardly expect that the habit will disappear miraculously.
How to wean a child to nail? Psychologist's advice says that it is necessary to start eradicating addiction as early as possible and with the identification of an etiological factor.
Only a calm atmosphere and a favorableMicroclimate in the family, good communication with relatives, without shouts and high pitch, caring, love and attention of loved ones will help fix the situation and wean the child to nail the nails on the hands and feet. Cries and endless abuse can only aggravate the pathology in question. Harmonious relationships in the family and mutual understanding are better than other methods to free the crumb from harmful cravings.
The habit of gnawing nails has a number of complications, andIt is the distortion of the configuration of the nail plates, the violation of the shape of the fingers, the inflammation or suppuration of the bitten skin, the pathogenic bacteria from under the nail plates, penetrating the digestive system, cause intestinal infections, helminthic infestations due to ingestion through the mouth of the nail biting, mockery of peers.
How to wean a child to gnaw nails, psychologistsRecommend the following methods. First, stop blaming the baby. In addition to scolding the child is useless, this creates additional tension for him, which only exacerbates the addiction.
Do not perceive the violation in questionCrumbs as a tragedy. Because the excessively turbulent and restless reaction of relatives will become another stressor, causing an increase in the frequency of the manifestation of habit. Individual kids, noticing that their addiction irritates parents, can use it to express protest or for revenge. This will contribute to rooting the habit of gnawing the nails for a long period.
Psychologists say that bans even three-yearToddlers act differently for their own purposes. However, the point here is not the harm of the child, but his pride and sense of self-esteem, which does not allow him to agree with the parental requirement. In addition, the crumb will begin to use addiction as an instrument for revenge for parents for their constant accusations and punishments. Therefore, to eradicate the addiction, parents, in the first turn, need to change their own behavioral response. They should understand that reproaches, threats and prohibitions are ineffective. Conversely, the rejection of these correction methods will lead to the desired outcome. After all, there is no more effective method for removing the child's stress and anxiety than parental affection, understanding and love.
Also, you can not insult kids, raise your voiceOn them, as children are light-minded beings who take everything too close to the soul. Therefore, in a supportive atmosphere it is necessary to try to talk a child, find out what is troubling it, while trying to minimize the impact of stressors.
Parents should try to form in crumbsHabit of borrowing limbs with something else. For example, a baby can, when an irresistible desire arises to nail the nails imperceptibly to squeeze and unclench the jaws several times. You can do the same when an alarm occurs. It helps to calm down, eliminate tension, switch to a different target nervous system.
In addition, adults need to keepControl their own actions, because if in the house someone chews on nail plates, then the baby will necessarily take an example from it. Therefore, in the first turn, we must eradicate our own addictions.
If the crumb is excessively hostile, often irritated,It is necessary to teach it socially acceptable ways of manifesting unfriendliness. For example, visiting sections on wrestling, participating in competitions, active games will help the child to splash out negative emotional manifestations, without harming himself and others.
How to wean a child to nail? This can help joint with the baby with needlework. So, molding, painting with colors, appliqué, folding the designer, laying out the mosaic, embroidering, cutting, knitting will fill the life of the crumbs with joyful minutes, use the hands, and will not let it get bored. Creativity is an excellent way of expressing accumulated emotions, energy and negativity. Elimination of stress is promoted by objects that are pleasant to the touch: balls, smooth pebbles, etc.
Children can be very impressedA story about the negative consequences of the habit of gnawing on the nails. It should paint colorfully possible complications, reinforce the story with facts, while trying not to bully the child. So, for example, you can show a crumb of pictures of worms that can appear in the body.
To save the child from theViolations are necessary to gradually accustom it to independence. Because to provoke a child to nail a nail may unexpected separation from the mother, for example, if necessary, go to work. The child has to get used to kindergarten or to spend time with grandmothers. Such parting can cause psychological trauma in crumbs in the presence of a close relationship with the mother. Therefore, it is not recommended to sharply deprive the child of pastime during a day of light with parents.