The formation of self-esteem includesGradual passage of several stages of development. The initial stage is the undifferentiated attitude of the baby to the assessment of subjective behavior by adults. At the next stage of the formation of self-esteem, a differentiated attitude toward evaluating one's own actions by adults is born. Then the ability and ability to independently evaluate one's own subjective behavior are born. However, at this stage of the formation of the self-evaluation of the individual, evaluation is carried out only by the principle of polarity: good-bad. The next stage consists in the appearance of abilities and abilities to evaluate not only their own actions, but also various emotional states. The final stage in the formation of self-esteem in children is the emergence of self-awareness, which is the ability to comprehend and evaluate their personal inner life.
Formation of self-esteem of a person
The structure of self-assessment can beConsider as a component of the personal neoplasm, which includes two components: cognitive and emotional, working in an indissoluble unity. The cognitive component reflects the individual's knowledge of himself of varying degrees of generalization and expression, the emotional component is his attitude towards himself, the so-called accumulating "self-attitude". After all, any knowledge of one's own personality
Acquires only in a social context. Then this knowledge inevitably "overgrown" with emotions.
Formation of self-esteem of personality occurs under theThe impact of several interrelated factors, which include communication interaction with the surrounding society, the active activity of the individual, self-observation and self-control. Personality, carrying out any form of activity, invariably finds itself in situations in which she is forced to develop her attitude to actions and actions, behavior in general, to assess her own abilities and abilities to produce something, to manifest various aspects of her personality.
There is no specific type of activity,Which in a greater or lesser degree will affect the formation of positive self-esteem. However, it can nevertheless be concluded that a significant impact on the development of self-esteem (adequate or inadequate) is provided by activities that become leading at a particular stage in the life of the individual. So, for example, the conditions for the development of self-esteem in children or adolescents are in the learning activity and everything that is interconnected with it. For more adult individuals, often the main condition for the development of an adequate self-assessment is labor activity. However, at the same time for all individuals the role of a particular condition is strictly individual. Since professional activities or studies do not always bring satisfaction, they can often act as a source of stress, negative feelings and insecurities. Therefore, for self-assertion and increased self-confidence, in addition to training or work activities, there are many other activities, such as hobbies.
An important characteristic of the formed personalityThe emergence of differentiated self-esteem is considered. This means that an individual is able to reasonably assess his own potential depending on the field of activity, he can sensibly take both strong and weak features, not upset when something is revealed beyond the boundaries of his understanding.
The formation of self-esteem plays a crucial role inFormation of personality. It determines the development of the level of personality claims, the level of confidence and uncertainty, which affects the individual's life success and self-sufficiency of the person as a whole. Therefore, the role of self-esteem in the formation of personality is difficult to overestimate.
Formation of adequate self-esteem
Self-assessment is one of the most significantConditions that condition the transformation of a small individual into a person. It develops in subjects the need for compliance not only with surrounding individuals and the environment, but also with the level of their own personal assessments. Correctly developed adequate self-esteem is not just the knowledge of one's own personality and not the sum of certain traits, but a certain relation to one's own personality. It determines the comprehension of personality as a separate sustainable object.
M. Fennel represented self-esteem as the central link of arbitrary self-regulation. In her opinion, it determines the direction and level of activity of the individual, his position with respect to the environment, the society, his person, is the most complicated mechanism in the psychological nature. It is involved in a mass of interrelations and relations with the entity's mental formations and is an important determinant of all forms of its activity and communication interaction. The initial ability to evaluate one's own person is laid in early childhood, and their formation and improvement stems throughout the life course of the individual.
R. Nemov believed that self-esteem allows the individual to maintain stability regardless of the variability of situations, while allowing the individual to remain himself.
Formation of an adequate self-esteem of a personIt is extremely important for interpersonal interactions, establishing relationships with the society, for successful communication, for success in a certain type of activity.
And special attention should be paid to the formation ofSelf-esteem of the child, since all his personality educations are just beginning to form, then self-esteem is much easier to influence and change. After all, the kid does not come to light with a certain attitude to his personality and potential. As well as all other personality traits, his self-evaluation develops in the course of education, mastery of activities and interpersonal interaction.
As children grow older, they learn to understand themselves andOwn self, evaluate your own qualities. It is this evaluation component of "I" that is called self-esteem. It is the nucleus of self-consciousness, and the degree of the individual's associated with it. By the degree of pretension is understood the level of difficulty of the goals set by the child in front of him.
Self-evaluation and level of claims of the babyHave a huge impact on emotional well-being, its development, success in various fields of activity. In our time, the impact of a child's self-esteem on his actions, behavior, actions and interpersonal contacts is becoming more and more certain.
On the formation of positive self-esteem in children, inFirst of all, family education and pedagogical influence of teachers influence. Probably, it is very difficult to overestimate the impact of family education on children's self-evaluation. It is the parents that determine the level of self-esteem - whether it is adequate or not. For an adequate child's self-esteem, constant support from important adults, a genuine concern for children and frequent positive evaluation of their actions, behavior and actions are very important. Never be humiliated by children. If a child makes a mistake or does something wrong, you need to explain to him what is wrong and show how to do it. Try to evaluate his behavior, rather than personal characteristics. Do not be afraid to praise your child. Only praise should be right - not for the qualities bestowed on him by nature, but for his achievements, victories, even small ones.
No less important role in the development of self-esteemKids are teachers. After all, children of school age spent a considerable part of their time in the walls of schools. A training activity is at this stage of development of the main. Therefore, it is believed that the most important factor that determines the adequate formation of a child's self-esteem is the evaluation of teachers. Assessing the knowledge and skills of children, the teacher at the same time makes an assessment of their personalities, their potential, abilities and place among the rest. It is in this way that the assessments of teachers are perceived by children.
Formation of self-control and self-assessment
Modern society needs to be developed andThe formation of the personality of a socially active, active, initiative, creatively expressed. Therefore, it is so necessary to develop natural talents, skills, intellectual abilities and abilities, inclinations and aspirations, the individuality of each small person. The role of self-esteem in the formation of the personality, which will meet the modern requirements of society, is quite important along with the formation of self-control.
The individual is endowed with a rare abilityMonitor and manage their activities. Through personal experience, through communication with the surrounding society and environment, the subject develops an internal adaptation - self-control, allowing him to act logically and according to the rules.
Self-control as a skill on your ownFind your own mistakes, misses, inaccuracies, plan ways to eliminate the discovered shortcomings. Self-control can be attributed to one of the methods of developing and upbringing control. Control affects the formation of sustained attention, the formation of memory and other cognitive properties of the individual.
Self-control is considered to be understanding andThe individual's evaluation of the personal actions of the psyche processes, and states that presuppose the existence of a certain standard and the possibility of acquiring data on controlled actions and states.
Conditions for the formation of self-esteem and self-controlAre the development in children of the understanding of the need to regulate their own behavior, based on the learned rules; The formation in children of the skills to anticipate the results of their actions in the relationship with the emotional unrest that arise in connection with children's ideas about the significance of future consequences for themselves and the surrounding society on the basis of the analysis of situations from everyday life; The formation in children of an understanding of the personal significance of actions that involve a moral and moral meaning.
Formation of self-esteem of the junior schoolboy
The formation of self-esteem is closely interrelated withActive activity of children, with self-control and self-observation. Different activities, games, communication invariably draw their attention to themselves, put them in circumstances in which they must somehow treat themselves and assess their own abilities, the ability to produce something, obey certain requirements and norms, show individual qualities of the individual .
Self-esteem is important and necessaryComponent of self-consciousness formation, i.e. The comprehension of the personality of itself, individual physical forces, intellectual abilities, actions, actions, motivations and goals of behavior, attitudes toward the surrounding society, to the rest of individuals and to oneself.
The level of pretensions of children and self-evaluation have a huge impact on success in certain activities.
During the school year,Formation of self-esteem of the junior schoolboy. A separate situational self-evaluation, not connected with the presentation of a substantial character about one's own personality, appears much earlier than the personal "I-conception". However, self-evaluation becomes more constant and independent of situations only on condition of interrelation with the "I-concept", and substantive discrepancies are not revealed between them. In the first year of training, the image of your "I" multiplies several times.
The junior high school student is veryIt is necessary to skillfully set goals and control their behavior, control themselves. And for this you need knowledge about yourself, your potential. The process of developing self-control is dependent on the degree of self-assessment. Schoolchildren are able to exercise self-control only with the help and guidance of adults or with the participation of peers. Representations of children of primary school age about themselves are the basis of self-esteem. Self-consciousness of children is realized in educational activity.
Evaluation of the kids themselves during the trainingActivity occurs in two ways. The first is to compare the degree of personal aspirations with the objective consequences of personal activity. The second is comparing the self with the other individuals. And the higher the degree of claims, the harder it will be to satisfy them. Successes and bad luck in a certain type of activity significantly affect the assessment of the individual's own skills and abilities in this activity. So, for example, failures basically lower claims, and good luck, on the contrary, increase them. Also important is the comparison. After evaluating himself, the kid, willingly or unwittingly, tries to compare himself with the other children, while he takes into account not only his own successes, but also the existing social situation as a whole.
Forming students' self-assessment
Subjective self-evaluation has a significant impact on the performance of various activities and
Individual in all periods of its formation. Adequate self-esteem gives the individual self-confidence, helps to correctly set goals and successfully attains them in various spheres of life, attaches the necessary personal qualities, such as: initiative, activity, enterprise, activity, ability to adapt.
At a certain age stage,Self-evaluation, is mainly influenced by the type of activity that during this period is the leading one. The leading activity of students in lower grades is learning activity. It is on how it will pass and depends, mainly, the formation of a self-evaluation of the baby. The success of learning activities is directly related to his success in teaching and achievement.
Formation of students' self-assessment isThe basic new formation of the person. Evaluation of teachers is the basis for developing self-esteem in children who are enrolled in primary school. Formation of students' self-esteem continues to develop when the teacher shows a positive attitude towards students, believes in their opportunities, demonstrates a desire to help them learn. And the methodological aspect of the development of adequate self-esteem is reduced to the use in the learning activity, mainly subjective standards, which create precedents for the students to reflectively evaluate their actions.
Teacher for development in junior schoolchildrenAn adequate self-evaluation should involve various mechanisms and methods. The main way is feedback. All eyes, gestures, words, movements, intonations that are aimed at the child are feedback. It should be borne in mind that the child absorbs and appropriates such feedbacks. With their help, he forms his self-esteem. And if the feedbacks have a positive orientation, they will ensure the development of a high level of self-esteem and, conversely, if they have a negative orientation - low.