Internal dialogue is an autocommunicationContinuous character. Simply put, this is the communicative interaction of the human subject with his own person within the personality. Element of inner conversation, providing a dialogue of consciousness, is considered to be reflection, which is the concentration of the attention of the individual on subjective experience and state. Internal dialogue is considered the result of staying within the consciousness of several subjects of communication simultaneously. In addition, the analyzed process is an integral part of the changed states, which constitute their formation and development. Also, internal dialogue can be used as a psycho-technical tool in all sorts of meditative practices and religious techniques.
What is internal dialogue?
A number of scientific figures in the field of psychologySuggest to mean, under the concept under consideration, the detailed communicative activity of the personality, focused on the aspects of the yavi and its "I", meaningful for it. The identity of such activity is due to the interaction of at least two conflicting views, formed by one subject.
According to the position of other researchers, the internalAutocommunication is an "intrapsychic speech process that flows in the form of a dialogue and is directed towards a solution that is ambiguous in the intellectual sense, meaningful in the personal and emotional aspect of conflict issues. At the same time, the described concept is not considered as a confrontation of opposing semantic beliefs due to the presence of an unsolvable problem situation.
The internal dialogue is rather a method of "living" and transforming the subject by emotionally intense, personally or intellectually important entities
Many ordinary people, far from understanding psychology, are interested in internal dialogue, is this normal?
This phenomenon is considered the norm. To the process under consideration, closed
Because they reluctantly interact withEnvironment and do not want to interfere with strangers in their own existence. However, the internal dialogue is also led by sociable actors. A conversation with one's own person is born in childhood and remains until the end of life. According to Freud, the phenomenon under consideration is a communicative interaction between the three components of the human psyche, namely, its meaningful part or "Ego", the displaced part of the consciousness or the "Id" and the manifestations of the "Super-I". Hence, he considered the essence of internal communications to be a dialogue of the conscious consciousness of the subject with his unconscious constituent, whose judge is the Super-Ego. During the conversation, an agreement is made between these three elements of the psyche, which contributes to the process of constant personal development. In serious situations, in important moments of being, inner conversation helps the subject to make the right decision in order to find a way out of the formed circumstances.
Thus, it is necessary to answer in the affirmative to the question of internal dialogue is this normal?
Continuous conversation occurs in the head of any subject. To such a conversation
Can spend a lot of energy, a lot of attention and time. Internal conversation begins with the moment of awakening and lasts until the moment of retirement into the realm of dreams.
Autocommunication is constantly and unimportantly,That at the same time a person does. The conversation inside of itself is conducted, when the subject has breakfast, reads, works, walks, etc. In the course of the process under consideration, spontaneous assessment of the surrounding people, commenting on current events, planning.
The structure of this process contains internalized images of important interlocutors inside, as well as various (positive, pathological or neutral) forms of interaction that arise between them.
Internal conversation facilitates the implementation of processes
And thinking activity, awareness of some components
, Hierarchy transformation
In esotericism, the concept described also applies. However, it became more widely used after the publication of books by K. Castaneda, who argued that the internal conversation takes away completely the flexibility and openness of the brain.
The internal dialogue Castaneda considered an instrument,Through which the subject forms and captures the image of his own world. He believed that people continuously discuss peace with themselves. Castaneda believed that through an internal dialogue the human subject actually creates the world, and when he stops talking with his person, the world is done exactly as it should be.
Stopping the communication will lead to opennessAnd meaningfulness, changing the world outlook, the world will become brighter. After all, everything around is not an objective reality. This is only a subjective perception of the universe, engendered by an endless dialogue with one's own person. Such a dialogue is always constant, and so long as it does not change, nothing will change in existence either. That is why Castaneda believes that the internal dialogue should be stopped. As it is possible to single out a number of negative consequences of endless conversations with oneself:
- the inability to concentrate;
- a steady mental background in the head;
- constant processes of reflection;
- duality of consciousness;
- a condition of continuously acting stress;
- inability to make decisions;
- unreasonable anxiety;
- Insomnia; - one-sided
Narrowness of thinking;
- increased drowsiness;
- the inability to establish control over one's own thoughts;
How to disable the internal dialog?
Many individuals have repeatedly noted thatCommunicate mentally with one's own person. As a rule, to talk with oneself mentally is the norm. However, there are exceptions. Some scientists believe that a constant communicative interaction with one's own personality often leads to a loss of the line between reality and far-fetched things. Therefore, there is a practice of stopping internal dialogue and many techniques are developed.
Non-disconnection of internal conversation leads to distractionAttention from important activities, solutions to issues, loss of energy. Destructive autocommunication is when an individual constantly "chews" in his own thoughts, that he said that he was told that he could add, why the interlocutor did this, etc.
Below is a technique to turn off internal conversation, release from unnecessary mental "garbage", not carrying a creative basis.
How to stop the internal dialogue? In the first turn, you need to understand that you can not disconnect the inner interlocutor with one stroke of the hand. The technique of stopping conversations with one's own person consists of 3 steps.
At the initial stage, the individual must be aware ofFree flow of doom. Find and comprehend "myslepotok" is easier in a state of forced inactivity or rest, for example, during a morning trip in transport. The mind is not taught to remain silent. In it invariably there are various chaotic mental streams. Therefore, the task of the stage under consideration is precisely the awareness of the free movement of thought images, as well as the sensation of them physically.
The next step is based on awarenessInternal communication. Go to this stage should be only after mastering the ability to be aware of a flowing doom flowing freely and the ability to observe this current. Here we must try to find thoughts that are interrupted, unripened, unfinished, ill-conceived to the end. In addition, at the physical level, it is necessary to feel the imperfection of unfinished mental sentences, for example, in the form of a sensation of foam squeak. Simultaneously, one should learn to find among the flow of their own thoughts "thought-foundling", generated not by the consciousness of the individual, but invaded from the surrounding reality. At the same time, "alien thoughts" do not always cause damage. However, there are thought images that are a kind of "Trojan horse" through which various puppeteers try to lead a person. Actually, they need to get rid of them, first of all. An alien thought is harmless to an individual, until it is transformed into emotion, a call to action, directly into action.
The practice of stopping internal dialogue onThe last step is to replace the internal "inspector" with a "gardener". Here, unfinished thoughts should be regarded as "unblown colors", which must be grown to "fruits." The finished thought must go through the whole chain of associations and leave the brain, not generating the desire to return to it, pondering it endlessly. This helps to calm the mind, freeing attention, subordinated to a closed circle of far-fetched problems.
Often the first spontaneous reaction toSome event is negative. If an individual does not track and eliminate it, then this reaction can include a chain of unwanted processes, such as: accelerated heartbeat,
, Dream disturbances, depressive mood, inadequate behavior leading to the destruction of habitual existence.
Stop internal dialogue - technology
Mental noise often dispels attentionSubjects, prevents them in finding solutions and performing routine tasks. Internal communications, when uncontrolled, is such a mental noise. Constantly running thoughts bring away the attention of individuals, which negatively affects daily life activity. Therefore, calming the mind and disabling inner dialogue are the most important tasks. Since thoughts tend to involve a person in their flow, the consequence of this is the control of thoughts by human activity.
The subject starts to reflect, to experience, at the same timeGiving the energy of thought, jumping from one image to another. Such a process becomes uninterrupted. As a result, it is difficult for an individual to concentrate on meaningful, to grasp the essence of the problem situation, to find the right solution among the hundreds of existing ones. As a result of obsessive mental noise, individuals are not able to hear the voice of intuition. Therefore, make a lot of mistakes, some of them can not be fixed.
How to stop the internal dialogue?
First of all, we should try for the20-30 seconds do not think. The main thing is that the brain does not carry the thought: "do not think". Because every phrase spoken inside is already an inner conversation. After a certain time, it becomes clear that the thought process has not disappeared anywhere, that the thoughts flowed by themselves, while the individual tried not to think.
So, disabling the internal dialogue begins withAttempts to remove their own consciousness. In other words, an individual should become an outside observer, seeking to track the birth of new thoughts. In addition, he should catch the moments of the flow of one thought-image into another. Most of the techniques aimed at stopping internal conversation are based on an understanding of the functioning of the processes of autocommunication and the ability to track the generation of undesirable thoughts.
On the success of the practice of tripping techniquesExternal conversation is influenced by external factors. Therefore, it is advisable to practice in a separate room, in which the possibility of the appearance of extraneous stimuli is minimized. Such irritants can include other subjects, noise, light. In addition to the need to avoid extraneous distractions, it is also necessary to remove the clear reasons for the generation of thoughts. For example, if a subject urgently needs to solve an important issue, then one should not begin to practice the technique of disabling internal speech.
The body should be relaxed, practicePreferably in a horizontal position. Therefore, it is recommended to start any technique with relaxation. In the morning, immediately after awakening, it is easier to engage in the technique of stopping inner dialogue. However, the most effective is the practice before retiring into the realm of dreams.
The simplest technique of stopping the internalDialogue is to create a so-called "white" noise. It is necessary to cover the eyelids, mentally draw a white screen before the look and translate every 3 seconds a glance from angle to corner, and then in an unsystematic order.
Simple and at the same time as difficult as possibleThe method of switching off the autocommunication is a technique based on willpower. Here the individual needs to silence his own inner voice. If willpower is developed, then with the implementation of this technique there will be no problems.
The next technique is to achieve dormancyThoughts. Its purpose is to prepare a vacuum of consciousness. Here the subject needs to be filled with consciousness, in order to gradually empty it. However, in the technique described, this process is simplified and accelerated by the fact that only one presentation is created that is richer in content, and then it is eliminated.
The course of the exercise is as follows. The subject conveniently has his own torso and represents a red-hot rotating ball. Eyes are covered. It is necessary to concentrate on this dazzlingly luminous sphere, it is painted in the beginning with reddish-yellow color. As practice, the ball should become more distinct. Its color should resemble the flame of a candle, on which the individual looks at a distance of 200 mm. After a few training sessions, a practitioner of this technique can instantly recall in his own imagination the described hot ball. After achieving the desired result, you can gradually reduce the ball to the appearance of only a dark background.
Achievement of absolute inner emptiness should be brought to automatism. In other words, the individual should instantly awaken this state at any time.
For individuals with patience,Following technique. In a supine position and a relaxed state, it is necessary for a man to keep himself counted from one to a hundred in time to the breath. At the same time, if during the count there arises at least one, even the most rapid thought, the countdown should begin anew. Practice should be before reaching the figure of 100 without a single extraneous thought, then it is recommended to increase the range to 200. The result of the described technique will be the attainment of a state of silence that does not require the use of forces to achieve it.