Psychology of Personality

Motives of behavior, activity, system of motives of personality

The motives of personality in psychology are a kind ofThe inner strength of man, which induces him to act, which is important for achieving the goal that the individual has determined for himself. In the scientific light, the definition of the motives of the individual is very diverse. Some researchers believe that this is an idea, as well as a representation of the personality, others call the motives of thought and attitude of a person, which he adheres to, guided by them in life. Often, many people know the feeling when one wants to turn mountains and satisfy their need. This feeling and experience gives the individual strength, as well as belief in oneself, which motivates a person to form and grow his personality. Strictly speaking, this experience is the motive of the individual.
The motive of personality is a very important attribute in lifeThe individual. It is the motives that determine what heights the individual will achieve. In career growth, aspirations of employees acquire special properties, so bosses often try to create external motives. External reasons include raising wages or premiums, sometimes it's just praise, etc. These things encourage the person to show interest and add effort to get an external reward and as a result work better.
But it is worth noting that the internal motives are muchStronger external. If an individual, so to speak, has fired from within with a certain goal and certainly wants to achieve it, then he can overcome all obstacles, because he does it for himself.

Motives for personal behavior

The subject of human behavior was interested in psychology withAncient times. The answers to the question "why?" People do so, and then behave differently, they were looking for the greatest minds of our world. Today, we can assume that the human behavior is affected by many different phenomena. It can be a certain situation, personal qualities of a person, external pressure on the person, or motives of the person.
What motivates the behavior of the personality? Considering the concept of personal motives, it can be said that different motives not only influence the behavior of a person in every possible way, but also in certain situations, motives can determine human behavior. The point is that the motive is a fusion of the inner experiences of the individual, which often becomes an attribute of the personality and is formulated into a personal quality. For example, motives to become better, to help people and change this world for the benefit of humanity, can become characteristic of the person who experiences them, and form a separate feature - altruism.

Motives of the personality

Depending on what purpose it sees beforeA person, he will act in the appropriate way to achieve the desired and to enjoy. If a person is hungry, he will act in such a way as to find food and a snack, satisfying this need. This behavior will be conditioned by the need for food, and the search for food will be the motive for the activity of the individual. Depending on the needs or goals of the person, the motives of the activity can be very diverse. For example, if the needs relate to basic phenomena, which are provided by the life and development of a person, the motives of the activity that make them satisfy such needs will be called organic. If to specify, then to these needs can be attributed already mentioned feeling of hunger, the need to breathe, the need to hide from the heat on a summer day, or the need to escape from danger for the purpose of self-preservation. All these needs are basic, and their man seeks to satisfy in the first place, in order to allow his body to naturally exist and develop.
The motives of personality activity are also highlightedFunctional. They relate to the needs that ensure the growth of a person in the cultural sphere. It can be an active rest on the lake, or doing sports, going to church or theater. All these needs create motives for activity, which in turn drive the person to meet these needs, which ensures the functional growth of the individual.
The motives of the personality's activity are material. Materialism of these motives implies the creation of material things, to meet the needs of man, which relate to coziness or domestic necessity.
It's no secret that the need to beRespected in society is very important for a person. To have a place among other people, occupy a corresponding status, and also an opportunity to show their social interests - these are all the needs that are the cause of the emergence of social motives for human activities. In this case, the person will act in such a way as to take place among the people who make up her society. For example, activities of this kind can be expressed in participation in various social groups, membership in volunteers, in encouraging participation in various actions, organizations, etc.
To the motivations of the personality canTo belong to spiritual motives. They manifest themselves where a person has a need for self-development, as well as for self-improvement. To meet such needs, a person can read books, pray to God, practice yoga, or act in some other way to find spiritual fulfillment.

Needs and motives of personality

In psychology, there are diverse views onThe definition of the needs of the individual, in fact, as well as the definition of motives. But all views are united by the idea that the need is a state of a person, which is conditioned by one or another need. It can be material or spiritual objects. This state causes an internal tension in the individual. In order to relieve tension, or in other words, to satisfy a specific need, a person starts acting in a corresponding way, guided by the motives that this need generates.
The needs of a person can be very different. As already mentioned, needs can relate to the organic, functional, material, social or spiritual environment of a person. In addition, scientists allocate individual and group needs, as well as daily and annual, intellectual and psychological needs.
In the same situation, a person canThere are several needs of different kinds at the same time. Accordingly, the internal tension will be very high in this case, and the person should choose which needs to satisfy first. In this context, it is important to note that there is a hierarchy of needs. The most important are physiological, or organic, needs. If a person is hungry, it will be difficult for him to concentrate on work, or when it comes to self-preservation, for example, if a person hurts something, he will only think about how to get rid of this pain, and until it disappears, a person can not Meet your other, social needs. Abraham Maslow developed a hierarchy of needs, which in turn determines the hierarchy of the individual's motives. In his opinion, the motives can be placed on five conventional shelves, which form the Maslow pyramid. At the lowest level, physiological needs of man are placed. Rising above the levels, we consider the need for attachment, respect, aesthetic and needs for self-fulfillment. It is important to note that in this hierarchy of motives, A. Maslow believes that one can not rise to the level higher if the needs of the lower level are not satisfied.

Social motives of personality

As already mentioned, the social motivations of the individualAre generated from the needs of socialization in society. Abraham Maslow attributes attachment to social motives. These motives are a desire to be someone necessary, useful, have the approval of other people. In addition, social motives are conditioned by the need for respect, as well as in self-esteem, which is no less important.
Every person exists in society and is associated withPeople. The relationship between people is never simple, so there are various conflicts, hostility and other unpleasant phenomena. But, one way or another, a person is born in society, but sometimes society itself generates man. For this reason, it is very natural that a person tries to find his place in the society, and to assert his personality among the people she knows.
In this sphere, a person can act differentlyWays, guided by social motives. For example, to please other people so as not to violate the ideas of society, a person can show conformality, that is, act as the majority.
The nature of man is very complex and mysterious. The relationship between two people is also very unpredictable. People move by social motives in order not to be lonely. Everyone is looking for another person who is able to understand and support him, and most importantly to love someone who he really is. This desire makes people seek compromises in disagreements, change their behavior, change for the better. These are the most important social motivations of a person.
It is also worth noting the subordination of power. Even if people complain about power in the country and do not consider it constructive, they recognize its legitimacy and are convinced that power is necessary for society. From here comes the subordination to the authorities, which is also the social motive of the individual.

System of personal motives

Proceeding from the fact that a person constantlyThere are those or other needs, we can say that a person is constantly driven by any motives. In psychological science, it is believed that throughout life, people develop stable motives. As already mentioned, they can generate human behavior, be relatively independent of the situation or even form personality traits. It is these persistent motivations of a person that determine his activity, in combination, that constitute the direction of the individual.
The direction of personality is determinedParental upbringing and society. In his life, a person learns the world in which he lives and shapes his thoughts about the things and people that surround him. These thoughts become the attitudes of the individual, which have a very strong influence on the direction of the individual. The settings that become the properties of the personality form different forms of personal orientation, based on a system of motives.
Among the forms of personal orientation are: attraction, ideal, desire, interest, aspirations, inclination, worldview and belief, as the highest of forms.
Attraction is an unconscious need forSomething. This need is not necessary for the individual and soon, may simply disappear. This is the simplest form of personal orientation. But if the attraction is realized by man, it can grow into desire.
Desire is characterized by a person's need for somethingDefined, for example, in an object. Often, desire has an incentive effect, which causes the person to act, showing willpower, clearly defining for himself the desire and ways to achieve goals. In this case, desire becomes an aspiration.
An important form of personality direction is interest. Actually, interest determines the person's desire, and also gives meaning to his activities and goals.
If a person shows interest in a certain sphere, connects willpower, and directs his efforts and actions to this sphere, then this phenomenon will be considered as an aspiration.
Throughout life, people build their ideals. Everyone has an opinion about what should be a person, and, of course, people judge other people, guided by their own ideals. The direction of personality consists of constant action with the desire to achieve its ideal. This form of direction generates a worldview.
All of the above-mentioned forms of orientationIndividuals can not communicate with each other. But the world view is determined by integrity. It's like a plan of the whole world in a person's head. Worldview allows you to combine thoughts into one picture and build your own, individual view of the world and people. This enables a person to see his place in the world, as well as to predict his future activities, make plans and achieve goals.
The system of personality motives that determineThe activity of a person in the light of his principles, interests, views of the world is called persuasion. When there is a conscious need for a person, he will act according to his beliefs, which are based on motives that drive the person and contribute to the achievement of success.

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