Nervous exhaustion is a specialpsychoemotional state, which arises from a high intellectual or emotional stress, as well as the transferred stresses. This condition can be both a symptom and a harbinger, a depression, a disorder of the intellect, manifested by various clinical symptoms, which can be a great many, while memory, cognitive abilities, physical condition, etc. suffer.
Nervous exhaustion is significantly affected byquality of life of the individual: he is not able to work fully, communicate with other people, enjoy life and relax. This disorder develops under conditions of monotonous work with a significant load in a short time, which significantly depletes the human nervous system.
What is nervous exhaustion? Under nervous exhaustion also understand such psychoemotional conditions and disorders as asthenic neurosis,
, nervous overfatigue, chronic fatigue.
Causes of nervous exhaustion
Constant stress is the reality of modernfussy life and nervous exhaustion often accompanies people - workaholics, for whom work is always on the first place. This psycho-emotional state occurs when a combination of hard work with more or less prolonged mental trauma and lack of quality sleep and rest.
Causes of nervous exhaustion often is overfatigue, in which
consumes more energy than it is able to "accumulate" and therefore the body is depleted. It also concerns the nervous system.
Scientists have already proven that increased mental andemotional stress, lack of rest and sleep, an agitated state, bad habits, stresses and emotions significantly fatigue the human brain. If the body does not arrange a respite, then the individual will emotionally "burn" and come a nervous exhaustion. Normally, the individual needs to alternate between emotional discharge and mental activity, the state of excitation should be replaced by inhibition and rest. If this does not happen, then there is a high probability of developing nervous exhaustion and
Often, this state arises unnoticed andis expressed as a slight fatigue. Provided that if a person is tired of fatigue, then gradually she accumulates, and is accompanied by symptoms of nervous exhaustion. The more time passes, the more acute these symptoms become.
Symptoms of nervous exhaustion
Exhaustion of the nervous system is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Periodic migraines and headaches, which have a squeezing character and occur at the slightest load;
Psychosomatic disorders. Symptoms are characterized by skin problems, unpleasant bodily sensations, visual disturbances, allergies, worsening of appetite;
- disorders of the intimate plan: erectile dysfunction - a decrease in men's sexual desire before total loss, orgasmic dysfunction noted in women, as well as in men;
- the inability to concentrate. This symptom is characterized by difficulty in grasping and understanding information;
- violations of the heart rhythm are noted, "jumps" of arterial pressure are observed, a feeling of cold and numbness in the extremities arises;
- digestive disorders, nausea, insomnia, vomiting, nightmares;
- violations of orientation and coordination in space, memory and speech are noted;
- in some cases, nervous exhaustion canaccompanied by symptoms of vegetovascular dystonia: pressure fluctuations, increased heart rate, a slight decrease in body temperature (up to 35 degrees);
Signs of nervous exhaustion
For the given psychoemotional state the following signs are characteristic:
. This sign is characterized by a sharp but brief outburst of anger. The person begins to be irritated literally with everything: close people, sounds, own habits and habits of the surrounding people;
Impatience. The individual does not tolerate any, even minute expectations;
- Hypersensitivity to light, sounds,smells; - sleep disorders. With this sign, the individual is hard to fall asleep - a dream superficial and anxious, thoughts spinning in his head, nightmares often appear. When you wake up, you feel broken and tired;
. The ill person perceives himself as a loser and completely becomes insecure;
- chronic fatigue, lethargy, weakness, loss of strength, reduced physical activity, a feeling of fatigue, any movement needs incredible efforts;
- there is a constant need for rest, after which the state of health improves for a short period of time;
- attempts to engage in intellectual activity result in failure and all activities of such a plan are unproductive;
- a person in a relaxed setting can not relax;
- a constant "nebula" of thoughts, difficulties with remembering;
- negative emotions, doubts, low mood, a constant sense of anxiety, life is not happy.
Treatment of nervous exhaustion
To therapy of this psychoemotional state should be approached in a complex way. But first to effectively treat the disorder you need to eliminate the causes that triggered it.
To accelerate the treatment of nervous exhaustion,suffering from this ailment, should take breaks for active rest during the work, as well as correctly organize their work activities, without being fatigued.
Nervous exhaustion, how to recover? With proper treatment, the nervous disorder passes fairly quickly and the patient recovers. But often people turn to not
, but to doctors who treat only the consequences of this
(exacerbation of chronic diseases, decreaseimmunity, etc.), and not the cause. And since the cause is not eliminated, there is no complete recovery. From nervous exhaustion of the body can quickly recover, if you normalize sleep. For prompt treatment, you should use simple rules:
- get up at the same time in the morning;
- Do not engage in extraneous matters in bed (reading, working on a laptop, eating, watching TV);
- should go to bed, only afterthe appearance of fatigue - a person does not need to make an effort to fall asleep lying in bed, so you can not lie and wait for a dream. If you can not fall asleep, then it's better to get up and do something;
- before going to bed, you should avoid drinking alcohol, caffeine, a dense supper;
- effective in the treatment of exercise, swimming, long walks in the fresh air;
- to establish a balanced and regular diet;
- practice relaxation, which is understood asall that will help a person to relax: meditation, warm baths, hypnosis, listening to music with the sounds of nature, etc. Nervous depletion of the body can not be underestimated, since this condition can bring great harm to a person. Therefore, the treatment of this condition is not always quick and easy, in some cases, inpatient treatment is required.
Drug therapy includes the use of various drugs:
- drugs that restore cells of the brain;