A nervous breakdown is often referred to as a nervousA disorder that can be caused by psychological overstrain, prolonged stress or some kind of psychological trauma. For example, this condition often develops in people due to a strong experience, fatigue, not pleasing everyday life, insults, unrealized desires. The reasons may be different, but the main criterion of a nervous breakdown is a prolonged stay in a situation that does not please the individual, drains his energy and strength.
The term "nervous breakdown" was not officially recognized inDiagnostic systems like DSM-IV, as well as ICD-10, and in fact, there is no modern scientific literature. And although the nervous breakdown does not have a precise definition, unprofessional studies show that this term specifically means a temporary, reactive, acute disorder with symptoms of depression and
, Which is usually often contributed by external stimuli.
Sometimes cases described as a nervous breakdown are related to
, After he loses in everyday life for some reason
Causes of nervous breakdowns
Psychologists say that frequent causes of nervous breakdown are:
- divorce or separation of spouses;
- problems at work;
- financial difficulties;
- health problems;
- stress and prolonged psychological stress;
- heavy adaptation in the new team;
- parting with a loved one;
- immense anxiety about someone's or your health;
- conflict situations and competition;
- the need to deal with or work with emotionally unstable colleagues, clients, bosses.
Factors provoking the development of this state:
- the use of alcohol, drugs;
- genetic predisposition;
- lack of vitamins;
- diseases associated with thyroid dysfunction;
- movement disorders;
In the anamnesis.
Symptoms of a nervous breakdown
Symptomatic of this disorder in its type of manifestation is capable of being behavioral, physical and emotional.
- decreased libido;
- migraines, frequent headaches;
- exhaustion of the body;
- pronounced changes in appetite, digestive problems;
- constant fatigue;
- diarrhea, constipation;
- sleep disorders, which are characterized by both long periods of insomnia, and long periods of sleep;
- disorders of the menstrual cycle;
, The state of anxiety;
- symptomatology associated with the problematic breathing in various manifestations.
- vegetative disorders and disorders in the work of the cardiovascular system;
- marked mood swings;
- strange behavior for others;
- the desire to commit violence;
- sudden displays of anger.
Emotional symptoms, as forerunners of a future breakdown: - Depression;
- the emergence of thoughts about death,
- a feeling of anxiety;
- anxiety and indecision;
- increased dependence on drugs and alcohol;
- thoughts of paranoid content;
- loss of interest in work and social life;
- the emergence of thoughts about their own greatness and invincibility.
Signs of a nervous breakdown
This disorder is found in both women andAnd in men, but femin are more prone to emotional problems. Women are more likely to face stressful situations and are unable to cope effectively with these negative experiences. Often predisposed to severe nervous breakdowns femin at the age of 30 - 40 years.
Psychologists distinguish three stages of a nervous breakdown. On the first, the individual experiences enthusiasm. He devotes himself entirely to some kind of activity and is full of energy. A person does not listen to the body's signals that he is spending his nervous powers excessively.
At the second stage, fatigue is felt, depletion of the neurotic character is noted,
At the third stage, a pessimistic
. A person becomes embittered, not determined, sluggish.
The main signs of a nervous breakdown:
- the internal tension that is constantly present in a person;
- Lack of interest in various matters, entertainment and the desire to enjoy life;
- people's requests provoke aggressive behavior;
- Frequent insomnia;
- loss or weight gain;
- a state of fatigue, depression;
, Hypochondriacal thoughts,
- Irritability and touchiness;
- hostile attitude towards others;
- the emergence of pessimism, depression, apathy;
- absent-mindedness, inattention;
- obsession with an unpleasant situation or person; Difficulties in switching to anything else.
Consequences of a nervous breakdown
There can be many consequences for this state. They include:
- deterioration in physical health (pressure jumps, heart rhythm disturbance, ulceration, headaches, phobias, depression, mental disorders or
- Some people are experiencing conflicts and deteriorating relations with society, there are addictions - alcohol, nicotine, narcotic, food (
- a person is capable of making rash acts, being more resentful and angry, suicidal attempts are possible.
Treatment of a nervous breakdown
A nervous breakdown, what should I do? Often people do not understand how to get out of this state and continue to live if, for example, they are fired from their jobs, a difficult life situation has arisen, changed (a) their beloved (aya), overtook the disease unexpectedly.
With a nervous breakdown, it may be advisable to turn to a good specialist to solve their problems: a psychotherapist, a psychologist, or a neuropathologist (neurologist).
How to cope with a nervous breakdown?
Treatment of a nervous breakdown is carried out, proceeding fromSpecific causes that provoked it, as well as the severity of actual manifestations. You can not neglect your condition, because the brink of the psyche is rather fragile, and there is a possibility of serious consequences from a nervous breakdown for the further life of the patient.
Just pay attention to thePreventive measures, since it would be better not to allow such situations, than to deal with them later. Everyone can avoid emotional distress if he learns to follow certain recommendations.
Prevention of nervous breakdown includes:
- compliance with the regime of the day and a balanced diet;
- alternation of physical and mental loads with rest;
- It is not recommended to work on wear and tear because of everything;
- Professional activities with conflicting clients or employees should be avoided;
- you need to constantly raise yourself
Few of the people think that when choosingProfession, some areas of activity will be associated with constant stress, and therefore, the nervous breakdown will be difficult to avoid. Of course, no one will give a guarantee that some work can do without stressful situations that negatively affect the human psyche, but there are still such areas, choosing which you can provide yourself with comfortable activities.
Such professions include: Mathematician, archivist, travel agent, specialist in the field of nature protection, forester and others. The level of stress in these areas of activity is minimal, and the pluses of these professions are the lack of a constant need to contact other people who like to create stressful and conflict situations. It is especially necessary to note the activities of a travel agent. Despite the fact that this sphere of activity includes communication with a large number of people, the existence of a probability of developing conflict situations in this sector is relatively low. An important advantage of this profession is also the quiet pace of work.
Summarizing the data obtained in the studies,Psychologists recommend that when choosing a profession to take into account the length of the working week, weigh the likelihood of competition and the possibility of conflict situations, as well as the need to deal with emotionally unstable customers (bosses or employees).