Neurosis of the heart is a kind of functionalcardiac pathology. It is also called cardioneurosis. Heart efficiency is characterized by autonomy, as a result of which its functioning during normal activity is not noticed. The reasons for neurosis of the heart are associated with intense physical exertion or strong emotional overstrain, which provokes the acceleration of cardiac activity. Thus, answering the question of the townsfolk: "Neurosis of the heart, what is it?" You can imagine it as one of the varieties of a nervous breakdown. It is observed in almost 10% of the population. People who are characterized by a weak psyche and temperament of a melancholic are more often subject to it.
Symptoms of a neurosis of heart
The described ailment is a frequent sign of general neurotic states.
Neurosis of the heart, what is it? The term "neurosis of the heart" usually refers to a functional disorder of the heart that occurs against the background of mental disorders, for example,
The mechanism of nucleation and further development of the described ailment consists in weakening the activity of the cerebral cortex, as a result of which dysfunction of the subcortical centers of the ganglionic nervous system occurs.
Factors predisposing to the onset of cardioneurosis are:
- various infectious diseases, including neuroinfections;
- hormonal failures (for example, in the pubertal period, with menopause or pregnancy); manifestations of emotional lability;
- various ailments that caused
- craniocerebral trauma.
Despite the above typical factorsappearance of the described pathology, the most common causes of neurosis of the heart are stressful situations, excessive physical stress and mental overstrain. Also, a huge role in the dysfunction of vegetative regulation of cardiac activity is played by the use of alcoholic and caffeine-containing beverages, smoking.
Neurosis heart symptoms and treatment of it is notdiffer in variety and complexity. The most common sign of this disorder is chest pain, as well as uncomfortable pain in the heart. Often, such feelings can radiate into the left shoulder blade and arm. Interruptions in the heart rate may occur even with minor anxiety or anxiety. In addition, in patients
there is a feeling, like a heartfades, there is a bout of heart palpitations or a strong pulsation, felt by the whole body. Cardialgia vary in duration and in nature. They can be aching or stitching, transient and lasting for several minutes. Also, patients can feel a "lump" in the throat. Often they find it difficult to inhale, resulting in a feeling of air deficiency leading to a feeling of suffocation.
Symptoms of cardioneurosis:
- subfebrile temperature with its subsequent decrease (below 36 ° C);
- labile blood pressure;
- the appearance of dyspeptic disorders in the form of nausea, which has no connection with food intake, vomiting, belching, painful sensations in the abdomen;
- fast fatigue at low load;
- general weakness and asthenia;
- persistent drowsiness or vice versa insomnia;
- unexpected tides of cold or heat;
- increased sweating;
- numbness of limbs;
- redness of the chest and face, parasthesia.
If the signs of cardioneurosis are manifested against the background of depressive disorders of the psyche, then often the following symptoms are noted: a feeling of sadness, a tremor of the extremities, a feeling of tension inside,
Neurosis of the heart is often accompanied by variousphobias (especially cardiopathy). In addition, often panic attack and neurosis of the heart go together, in fact they are one ailment. It is believed that cardioneurosis is characterized by a variety of clinical manifestations, but the most frequent symptoms are heart pains and
, which are a painful, inexplicable attack
, accompanied by a sense of fear combined with a variety of somatic symptoms.
Panic attack and neurosis of the heart have a certain dynamics of dysfunction of the nervous system, such as avoiding the possibility of encountering an outsider,
Pain in the heart with a neurosis
Cardioneurosis is often a symptom of a general neurosis, in other words it is a consequence of dysfunction of the nervous system.
With neurosis of the heart, there is no so-called organic pathology or structural damage to the heart tissue, but there are pains in the sternum.
More often neurosis occurs in individuals,characterized by a certain structure of higher nervous activity. In other words, neuroses are more susceptible to subjects prone to anxiety, emotional lability, unreasonable anxiety.
The reason for neurosis of the heart is often hidden in the child'sage period. For example, children who are brought up in conditions of increased guardianship, who are accustomed to obey strong parents, unable to make independent decisions and defend their own position, are more likely to develop cardioneurosis. After all, in the adult state, they are quite dependent on the habitual situation, constantly fear a negative impact on their own lives and prefer not to resist life's troubles, but to go with the flow. The main concern of such people is the state of their own health. However, it does not matter whether there are objective reasons for concern.
Cardioneurosis is considered a variety
. It can provoke, for example, deatha loved one, an emotional break in relationships, changes in the habitual environment of living, etc. In such conditions, an uncontrollable unrestrained fear of dying from cardiovascular pathology arises. In the future, any change in the mood of a person (in the direction of worsening or improving) is enough, a slight emotional shake-up, so that heart pain and complaints of cardiac dysfunction develop, which further aggravate anxiety about one's own health, and multiplies the fear of dying. Thus, a vicious circle is formed: experiences give rise to symptoms of cardiac dysfunction, which in turn provokes an escalation of anxiety, causing even greater deterioration of the condition. It is quite difficult to break such a vicious circle.
Neurosis of the heart symptoms and treatment in this case involves more psychological help than drug therapy. Because the symptoms of cardioneurosis are not due to a physical disorder.
Heart pain with this type of neurosisare caused exclusively by the presence of heightened anxiety, in other words, they are provoked by thoughts of a possible violation of cardiac activity. There are no other grounds for cardialgia. However, a person who is constantly in a state of heightened anxiety, feels real pain in the vaginal space. Therefore such patients become rather hypochondriac, invariably change doctors, voluntarily subject themselves to numerous repeated analyzes and examinations, but the real cause of their own illness can not be found.
Hence it follows that the neurosis of the heart developsgrowing. After all, the cause of uncomfortable sensations in the chest region is not established, so there is reason for the appearance of even greater anxiety. In other words, an individual develops a borderline obsession, which, in addition to pain in the heart, has other symptoms.
A person suffering from a neurosis of the heart hascharacteristic behavior. He is absorbed in himself, his thoughts revolve solely around his own morbid state. Patients with cardio neurosis are indifferent to the world and the problems surrounding. Even the problems of loved ones do not bother them. Simultaneously, they describe their own condition in detail and with great care, detail all the symptoms, their severity, time of appearance and character. Usually, they complain of fatigue, a general decline in strength, tearfulness,
, inability to concentrate, performA work that requires precise action or concentration. Painful sensations in the squamous space during cardioneurosis may be different in duration and nature. They are paroxysmal or multi-day not disappearing. Different patients feel different variations of pain: compressive and pressing sensations, aching and dull pain, sharp and stitching algies. In addition, it is possible to spread cardialgias to the entire surface of the chest, as well as the neck, upper limb and lower jaw.
In addition to pain in the heart atcardioneurosis often have other symptoms, such as: shortness of breath, lack of air, increased heart rate, pulsation in large capillaries, fluctuations in blood pressure, dizziness and some others.
By the appearance of the subject, describing themown condition and a number of distinctive features can be diagnosed with cardioneurosis. For example, pain in angina is associated with physical stress or excessive emotional stress. Really existing heart pains prevent a patient from describing them wordlessly, as this intensifies painful feelings, the patient on the contrary tends to rest. Pain syndrome in cardioneurosis with physical effort is not connected, but it can be noted a clear relationship with changes in the emotional background. Minor mood changes cause cardialgia. The patient speaks about them with a loud and visible pleasure, thus attracting additional attention.
Heart pain with a neurosis sometimes occurs paroxysmally and accompanies a panic attack.
So, pains in cardioneurosis are as follows:
- stabbing, stupid, squeezing behind the sternum;
- can irradiate into the neck, shoulder blades, into the upper limb;
- they may be accompanied by shortness of breath, which goes as far as choking;
- often cardialgia accompanied by fear of death, anxiety and panic attack.
Treatment of neurosis of the heart
Before answering the question: "How to treat a neurosis of the heart", it is necessary to understand the methods of diagnosis. Since the outcome of the disease depends on the correctness of the diagnosis made. The described ailment progresses rapidly, which can lead to quite serious consequences.
Therefore, neurosis heart medications depend onfrom the timely detection of the disease. In connection with the specific clinical picture of cardioneurosis, physicians have to conduct a thorough examination to exclude another pathology of the cardiovascular system. For the diagnosis, in the first turn, electrocardiography and echocardiography are used. These methods allow to exclude the development of ischemic disease, the presence of heart disease, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy and other disorders.
The following primary studies are necessarily carried out in order to identify and determine the neurosis of the heart symptoms and treatment with folk remedies:
- auscultation (listening);
- measurement of blood pressure;
- palpation of the rhythm of the pulse.
An interview is also conducted with the patient,During which the specialist needs to find out the facts of emotional experiences, mental shocks, increased loads. Only based on all the above information can you correctly diagnose the neurosis of the heart with symptoms and treatment with folk remedies.
Cardioneurosis requires a comprehensive therapeutic approach and close observation, as the described disease is characterized by polysymptomicity.
How to treat a neurosis of the heart?
It is believed that the main therapeutic method intreatment of neurosis of the heart, is psychotherapy. However, it is recommended to combine psychotherapeutic effects with medical therapy. Only complex treatment is effective and allows eliminating all manifestations.
The task of the psychotherapist is to identify the "grain"emotional experiences. The most frequent psychological manifestations of cardioneurosis are dissatisfaction with one's own person, personal life, profession. These problems lead to fatigue, a decrease in the resistance of the immune system, there are signs of depletion of the mechanisms of nervous regulation.
Also with the success in the treatment of cardioneurosis are the means of traditional medicine.
Treatment of heart neurosis with folk remediesis aimed at strengthening the whole nervous system, and in particular the ganglionic system. In addition, patients suffering from heart neurosis, recommended exercise therapy (for example, swimming), observance of daily routine, rational nutrition. Also, such patients should completely exclude smoking, drinking alcohol and coffee. The doctor-psychotherapist needs to teach the patient with signs of a neurosis of the heart to relax, practicing auto-training, or with the help of respiratory gymnastics (for example, according to the Strelnikova method).
Neurosis heart medications in acute periodare prescribed from a group of tranquilizers and beta-blockers. The subsequent drug therapy is aimed at eliminating the signs of cardioneurosis, excluding uncomfortable symptoms. It should also include sedative collections of plant origin, vitamin and mineral complexes. The doctor-cardiologist is usually appointed Corvalol and Valocardin (for insomnia and with the purpose of preventing and arresting stenocardia attacks).
To relax and remove the unpleasant manifestations of cardioneurosis, you can take a short warm (not above 38 ° C) bath with the addition of coniferous aromatic oils.
In addition, the recommended use of herbal remedies, such as: Novopassit or Persen.
Treatment cardioneurosis depends on the patient's health, age, causes and clinical picture.
Treatment of heart neurosis with folk remediesinvolves the use of various herbal infusions, decoctions and medicinal fees. It is recommended to apply fees with a general restorative effect, sedative, hypnotic, and tranquilizing therapeutic properties.
One of the most effective herbs in treatmentcardioneurosis is considered valerian. It is characterized by a calming effect, helps with rapid heartbeat, nervous overexcitation, insomnia. To prepare the infusion it is recommended to crush the dry roots of valerian in the amount of two spoons, pour them with 500 milligrams of pure water and boil for three minutes. The resulting broth should be infused for about twenty minutes and drain. Use it should be in the morning and in the evening for one hundred milliliters.
In addition, it is considered mandatory appointmenttincture of peony, which must be taken orally five minutes before meals three times a day. Tincture should be consumed in an amount of 10 - 30 drops, diluted in a tablespoon of water.
If cardiovascular neurosis accompaniesa strong palpitation, then in order to obtain a quick effect it is necessary to take a decoction of equal parts of the herb valerian herbs, cones of hops, oregano and roots of the aorta of marsh.
With neuroses of the heart, flowing with suffocation,dizziness and accompanied by nervous dysfunction, helps to collect, consisting of three parts of herb weedweed and hawthorn flowers, two parts of motherwort and chamomile and one part of cumin.
Cardioneurosis, originated in the backgroundpathological menopause and accompanied by increased pressure can be cured with a decoction of herbs: cotyledon topana, oregano, St. John's wort, mistletoe white, yarrow, sage, calendula flowers, horsetail and pine buds. All listed components must be taken in equal weight fractions.
Cardiovascular neuroses, which occur withviolation of the functions of the ganglionic nervous system can be treated with infusion of hawthorn flowers, lemon balm, cardiac pustules, peppermint and valerian officinalis. With cardioneurosis, taking place against a background of increased secretion of the thyroid gland, it is recommended to take a decoction of equal weight proportions of ordinary scallop, hawthorn flowers, lemon balm, common thyme, valerian officinalis and European zyuznik.
For therapeutic effects in obsessive neurosesstates recommended the use of infusion, consisting of herbs zyuznik European in the amount of 50 grams and 500 milligrams of vodka. The resulting solution should be insisted for 14 days in a dark place, after which it must be filtered. Infusion is recommended to take one teaspoon at least twice a day, washing down with milk. This tool helps to get rid of fears, feelings of panic, increased excitability.
Strong mental stress is capable ofto eliminate a mixture of garlic (1 clove) with a glass of milk. To prepare the product you need to rub a clove of garlic with a small grater or squeeze it with garlic and mix with milk. Take this mixture should be before breakfast for thirty minutes.
From heart neurosis a good remedy is considereda mixture of honey and water. Honey in the amount of 50 grams must be dissolved in 500 milligrams of water. This mixture should be drunk a day, divided into four doses.
Treatment of neurosis by folk remedies todayis the most in demand. Because the drugs used are completely natural and often are much more effective than pharmacopoeial medicine. However, for the people's means to be useful, they should be taken strictly in accordance with the medical purpose.