Mental disorders

Neurosis of the pharynx - symptoms, treatment, causes, diagnosis

The human pharynx neurosis is a disorderSensitivity of the funnel-shaped channel, having a different character and occurring as a result of damage to the innervation apparatus (nerve plexuses) of the pharynx, as well as pathology of higher nervous activity. The funnel-shaped canal connects the nasal and oral cavity with the larynx and esophagus. Often the cause of both lowering and increasing the sensitivity of the mucous membrane of the pharynx is hysteria.
Causes of pharyngeal neurosis. Doctors like to repeat the phrase that all"Diseases arise from nerves," because the nervous system is responsible for the work of the whole organism as a whole. In any of its violations, human health deteriorates, which can manifest itself in the increase in the number of heartbeats, the onset of headaches, the appearance of eating disorders, and also such a rare disease as pharyngeal neurosis. So, the main reason for the development of this pathology is a mental disorder that appears against a background of severe stress or prolonged overstrain of the work of the nervous system.
Who treats the neurosis of the pharynx? This disease is rare, often affected by it
After 20 years, and his treatment is a psychoneurologist, neurologist or psychotherapist.

Symptoms of pharyngeal neurosis

This pathology is a rare condition, signs and symptoms that need to be examined in detail.
Throat neurosis in humans can exist in three forms: hyperesthesia, anesthesia, paresthesia.
Swallowing anesthesia Is characterized by complete absence or declineSensitivity of the mucous membrane of the organ and impaired swallowing. To its development is able to lead a brain tumor, hysteria, influenza or syphilis. The absence of therapy of this form of neurosis can provoke the spread of the pathological process in the larynx that threatens the development of aspiration of saliva or food, which in turn can threaten the life of the patient. Anesthesia of the pharyngeal mucosa means, in simple words, the absence of a pharyngeal reflex, which is one of the characteristic signs of hysteria.
The causes of the development of anesthesia of the pharynx include also bulbar paralysis and multiple (multiple sclerosis). A small degree of anesthesia - a decrease in the pharyngeal reflex is called hypesthesia.
Hyperesthesia of the pharynx Is an intensification of the pharyngeal reflex, whichIs able to develop against a background of severe nervous shock or chronic diseases. Patients complain of spasm, pain, sore throat, occasionally these symptoms are supplemented by a feeling of "scratching" of the mucous membrane or film covering the throat. Often there is a cough, attempts to expectorate, it happens that these manifestations cause vomiting.
Hyperesthesia is also called increasedSensitivity of the pharynx, developing in inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract and having a chronic course (lateral and granulosa pharyngitis, chronic form of tonsillitis).
The risk of developing this pathology increases withThe presence of bad habits (alcohol dependence, smoking) or frequent inhalation of domestic and industrial dust, working under harmful conditions.
Hyperesthesia is a common symptom of neuralgic diseases characterized by an increase in nervous excitability and is noted in conditions such as hysteria and neurasthenia.
Often associated with mental trauma, butA certain role is also played here by intoxication, infection, physical trauma, exhaustion and other factors that cause a predisposition acquired for hysteria. It is necessary to emphasize the etiological importance of unfavorable social relations and lacks of upbringing. The disease is also based on the behavioral and individual characteristics of personality development, which depend on the high suggestibility and emotionality of a person. This disorder often develops in persons with neurotic character traits.
A person is a special anomalous state of the psyche, as a result of its exhaustion after a prolonged physical or mental overload.

In the development of neurasthenia,Provides thought work. Each individual is trying to improve his social status, financial position and, as a rule, the consequence is intense brain activity in conjunction with
, Disappointments. Such people, because of the intensive work, do not have enough time to plan their own daily routine, which would include time for rest and eating. They are constantly overwhelmed by working problems, everyday worries and pressing problems, which leads to the appearance of this disorder - neurosis of the pharynx (hyperesthesia).
Symptoms of this ailment are sensations of itchingIn the throat and perspiration with insignificant local changes. To get rid of this kind of painful sensations a person tries to provoke expectoration and cough, which aggravates the process of increasing the pharyngeal reflex and as a result comes vomiting.
Paresthesia and its development symptoms are very similar toHyperesthesia, but often the clinical picture of the pathology is complemented by the sensation of tickling, tingling, burning, numbness, itching or the presence of a "lump" of foreign body in the larynx cavity. Many people complain about the sensation of falling into the pharynx of a foreign body, but at inspection (repeated carrying out of pharyngoscopy) any extraneous subjects and diseases are not found out.
In addition, patients may suffer from headachesPain, aggravated during the swallowing process. Paresthesia often worries mentally unbalanced people, as well as women experiencing menopause.
Neuroses of the pharynx of this species are peculiarIrritant personalities suffering from hysteria or neurasthenia. In fact, the cause of disturbing symptoms of neurosis of the pharynx is the sharpening of patients' attention to the sensations of swallowing, after which they themselves invent the cause and convince themselves of the presence of serious diseases.
Diagnosis of pharyngeal neurosis. The primary diagnosis of neurosis of the pharynx is the otolaryngologist.
Diagnosing the neurosis of the throat is difficult enough,Since it is often accompanied by concomitant diseases, the symptoms of which are much more pronounced. The doctor diagnoses the patient on the basis of complaints and a thorough examination.
Additional examination methods include magnetic resonance imaging of the neck area, radiography and electromyographic examination.

Treatment of pharyngeal neurosis

Based on the results of diagnosis, treatment is prescribed. The doctor pays special attention to the activities that are responsible for the normalization of the nervous system (taking sedatives).
If an inflammatory process is detected in the pharynxThe patient is prescribed the use of anti-inflammatory drugs and a set of physiotherapeutic procedures (ion or electrophoresis, novocain blockades, mud therapy).
How is throat neurosis treated?
In the treatment of this
Non-traditional methods of treatment are applied:
(Psychotherapy) or acupuncture.
For the duration of therapy, it is necessary to correctlyEat (food should not be hot, very hard or cold), you should give time to rest and walks, stop smoking (smoke from cigarettes can cause throat spasm), and use of alcoholic beverages.
It is recommended to pay special attention to your psychological state (avoid stress). The prognosis of treatment of pharyngeal neurosis is favorable.

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