Positive psychotherapy is a specificPsychotherapeutic method, the teaching individual to accept the environment in all its diversity and diversity, and not enter into confrontation with it. Positive psychotherapy tells the subject the correct and painless path to ensure a harmonious formation of his thoughts, behavioral reactions, actions and feelings.
Initially, positive therapy was calledDifferential analysis. From the position of the humanistic concept, positive psychotherapy should be attributed to the transcultural, psychodynamic approach of psychotherapy. The concept of positive therapy is based on the importance for the personality of her abilities: congenital, ie. Basic, and developed during the formation of personality, i.e. Actual.
Pezeshkian positive psychotherapy
Positive therapy is a techniqueShort-term therapy, proposed in 1968 by N. Pezeschian. This methodology is aimed at making positive decisions in various life situations by mobilizing the internal reserves of the individual.
The method received its name from the wordOf Latin origin, which means in translation the actual or given. The key idea of positive psychotherapy lies in working with the abilities of the individual, developed in the course of personal development, and not with the disease itself, symptoms or a pressing problem. The main thesis of positive psychotherapy is that it is not the individual who does not have problem situations that is healthy, but the one who understands how to overcome the emerging difficulties and barriers and finds the maximum permissible number of solutions to problem situations.
In accordance with the concept of therapy, a positiveRepresentation of the individual comes from the realization that each subject has from birth two central abilities: to love and to know. These basic abilities have a close relationship, because the level of formation of one supports and promotes the development of the other. In positive psychotherapy, on this axiom, the idea of an individual is built: it is kind in its essence and has an innate craving for good.
Positive psychotherapy is based on deepBelief in the fact that all people are endowed with the necessary abilities to the full extent for a happy life. Everyone has access to inexhaustible life opportunities for personal growth and individual disclosure.
Pezeshkian claimed that the individual can be represented in the form of a mine filled with jewels. One of the tasks of the individual, leading to personal
, Is the search for a hidden treasure, raising it fromDepths of the human soul and the demonstration of the universe in the form of the application of natural abilities and talents. The basis of life satisfaction Pezeshkian considered the fulfillment of an individual life mission.
Short-term positive psychotherapy hasUndeniable advantages, including its accessibility to all age groups and social groups. Self-help training and the systemic approach of psychotherapy draws more and more subjects to the methodology from various professional fields. The principle of simplicity and versatility provides an opportunity to easily apply the concept of Pezeshkian without psychological education to everyone in everyday life during difficult life moments.
The value of this method of psychotherapy isConsideration of the problem from the point of view of the transcultural approach. The psychotherapist practicing this method should have a special sensitivity and knowledge about the diverse cultural features and specifics of the spiritual differences of the peoples of the world. The unordinary nature of the life experience of individuals and entire nations is not contested, but is accepted. Spiritual atmosphere and specific environment in which
Born and raised, respected, not regarded as a prejudice. The transcultural approach is based on the concentration of attention, on the similarity of the human race, and not on its differences.
The philosophy of positive psychotherapy analyzesIndividual in the process of its modifications. In the course of psychotherapy, individual-biological characteristics, psychosocial aspects and spiritual qualities of the individual are key. This approach contributes to the acquisition of internal integrity.
The application of the Pezezkian concept is not limited toOnly therapy and psychological counseling, it extends to other applied fields. His ideas in organizing and conducting trainings, in business management are quite effective.
Many psychotherapeutic techniquesFocuses on pathological personality disorders, on the diseases and problems of the individual. And short-term positive psychotherapy focuses attention in the process of interaction of the client with the therapist on the individual potential as the primary and key moment of his healing.
Positive psychotherapy sees the causeEmerging personal problems in the undeveloped and suppressed spheres of spiritual interpersonal communication. The suppression of certain spheres of interpersonal interaction leads to the emergence of conflicts and to other life disorders.
Positive psychotherapy is based on threeThe most important principles: hope, balance and self-help. The principle of hope is focused on the resources of the individual. He allows you to understand your abilities, take responsibility for what is happening in your personal life to yourself. The balance principle considers life and personal development in four aspects, such as the body, relationships, achievements and future. The essence of this principle lies in the desire to revive their natural harmony. The principle of self-help can be represented in the image of a 5-step model. It is used as a strategy for harmonization, personal adaptation and development.
Purposefulness for development and futureIs an indisputable advantage of the method of positive therapy. He teaches to form the future by accepting the circumstances of the present. Accepting absolute responsibility for one's own life allows each individual to take concrete actions to transform his reality.
An important principle of positive psychotherapy is alsoIs considered and the principle of originality, personality of the individual. Life does not consist of patterns. The versatility and diversity of sources of human happiness is built on the use and enjoyment of what is available at a given time, rather than from the possible. Positive psychotherapy is one of the ways on the way to a balance of life and harmony. She teaches the individual how to become the author of her own life. However, a positive direction does not mean interpreting the universe through the prism of "rose-colored glasses."
Positive direction as a method of psychotherapy is intended to help an individual not lose himself during the rapidly unfolding events of the century.
Psychosomatics and positive psychotherapy
The life path of an individual is a sequenceEvents marked by personal participation of the individual, perception, evaluation and response. The individual's response combines a certain set of actions in a particular situation, an experience of what happened. Life events are modifications of circumstances or new configurations of the relationships of others, violations in the implementation of life strategy and goals, unfulfilled desires and needs, unfulfilled dreams, the collapse of hopes. Struggling with stressful, conflict and problem situations, falling into life crises, an individual can be transformed into a victim of long-term stresses of psychoemotional character and
Since the body and soul of an individual are themselvesIndissoluble integrity, the psychological ill-being quite often becomes the cause of bodily ills. In turn, such violations affect the psyche of the individual. In the realities of today's rapid modern life, the subject reveals a number of psychosomatic disorders that are eliminated only by understanding the physical "language" of the psyche. Often a body, through its processes, can manifest emotions through the language of feelings, for example, expressions of fear, despair, despondency, joy. Simultaneously, mental processes reveal themselves through the "language of organs." So, for example, mental processes can be expressed by red face, trembling, pain in the back or a rash on the face.
The reason for communication in such cases between the originalOccurred and its effect does not exist. Physiological and psychic reactions are different manifestations of the individual internal state.
Pezeshkian in his works substantiated the relationship of psychosomatics (the physical representation of the subject's psychic life) and positive psychotherapy.
The positive approach of Pezeschkian covers allMental ailments, psychosomatic and somatic diseases. This approach is aimed at taking into account the symptoms and dynamics of the disease along with the content aspects for each individual.
Methods of positive psychotherapy
The main task of positive therapy isTransformation of the patient's beliefs about his own disease and the search for new opportunities for internal reserve in the battle with the disease. Since the basis of many psychic and psychosomatic ailments is conflict, the change of views on the symptomatology allows the therapist and, accordingly, the patient is more delineated to approach conflict situations.
According to the concept of positive therapy, the response to conflict in any individual is expressed through four main areas of conflict resolution - body, activity, contact and fantasy.
Positive psychotherapy is dynamic and short-term, it can be directed both at the help of an individual person and the family as a whole.
Positive family psychotherapy is based onFinding solutions through the personal experience of the participants in therapy. Customers solve their own problems independently, without noticing it. The sessions of psychotherapy help to find out exactly how each participant of family relations wishes to change. Along with this, it is quite important that clients understand the main points that are what internal reserves family members can use in a particular situation and what is the desired state of the family relations system to which their participants are committed and for which they agreed to cooperate with the therapist.
Positive family psychotherapy in its arsenalMeans to help the family uses a variety of stories, parables, fables, myths, legends. The purpose of the stories told by the therapist is not only moralizing, but also contact with the example situation in the imagination. Stories play the role of a mirror, a model, an intermediary between clients and a psychotherapist.
The key concept of a positive approach in the familyCounseling is a "concept". The concept refers to emotional and cognitive configurations that give the individual a scheme of interpreting relationships to one's own personality, to other individuals, to the environment.
Positive psychotherapy and exercises directedTo help the client realize that it is necessary to live his own life (positum) so that his life will become stronger, brighter, bear health, respect and acceptance of his own uniqueness.
Positive psychotherapy techniques
A positive approach to therapy has a clearAlgorithm and allows the use of various techniques and methods, including techniques and techniques from adjacent directions. For example, speaking techniques, question-and-answer methodology, a questionnaire of actual abilities, elements
, Visualization techniques, etc.
Positive psychotherapy in its arsenalHas the following specific to her specific techniques and therapeutic directions: the standardized first interview, the use of parables, stories, sayings, myths and proverbs, epic, transcultural approach, positive symbol oriented interpretation, a model of conflict to understand the problems of clients, a pattern of balance of the ability to comprehend , Processing of micro- and macro-traumas, an equilibrium pattern of ability to love.
The technique of positive psychotherapeutic practice usually has five levels: distancing from the conflict situation and its elaboration, situational approval and verbalization, increasing the boundaries of life goals.
Positive psychotherapy exercises and techniques in this direction do not require maximum effort and do not take much time, but require certain knowledge and special sensitivity from the therapist.
Techniques of positive psychotherapy are suitable forSolving all sorts of problematic issues, ranging from personal conflicts, interpersonal relationships and ending with work with psychosomatic diseases. They provide an opportunity to trace the reasons for the specific behavioral reactions of the client, allow them to understand them. The positive approach of therapy forces the client to look at the problem situation from an entirely new point of view, often the opposite of the one that was originally.
With the help of techniques of positive therapy, the client learns to find reserves and other life goals.