Mental disorders

Psycho-organic syndrome - options, treatment, symptoms, causes

Psycho-organic syndrome is a condition forWhich is characterized by psychic helplessness with a sharp decline in intelligence, memory, weakened will, affective stability, as well as reduced adaptation and work capacity.

Psycho-organic Cause Syndrome

This disease is noted in vascularDiseases, as well as atrophic changes in the brain. The cause is damage in the central nervous system, syphilis, craniocerebral trauma, encephalitis, various chronic disorders, intoxications, abscesses, brain tumors.

Psychoorganic Syndrome Symptoms

The psycho-organic syndrome is often accompanied byAsthenic phenomena. There is a memory impairment in different degrees, hypnosis is noted, namely, dysmnesia, there is confabulation, amnesia. At the same time, the following symptoms are observed: limitation of attention volume, increased distraction, lowering of perception quality. Significantly deteriorating orientation, not only in the surrounding, but also in their own personality. Further, the level of thinking decreases, which leads to the impoverishment of ideas, concepts, the emergence of weak judgments, the loss of adequately assessing opportunities and situations. At the same time, thinking processes are slow, and torpidity of thinking is combined with detailing and perseveration.
Psycho-organic syndrome as a conditionMental weakness, is caused by organic brain damage, vascular diseases, central nervous system lesions, abscesses, brain tumors, craniocerebral trauma, syphilis, intoxications, metabolic disorders, encephalitis and diseases accompanied by convulsive seizures.
Psycho-organic syndrome often occurs inSenile and prehistoric age. In an easier form, the disease has such symptoms: weakness, emotional lability, increased exhaustion, instability of attention. Heavy forms of psycho-organic syndrome include an intellectual-mnestic decline that reaches dementia.
The psycho-organic syndrome and its symptoms includeInfringement of intelligence, decrease in criticism. Often the patient differentiates between good and bad, but tactlessly expresses and commits wrong actions without realizing it. People suffering from psycho-organic syndrome are disturbed by the ability to acquire new knowledge and, of course, the range of interests is limited. Thinking turns into a conservative, one-sided. The patient's speech worsens, the structure of phrases becomes simpler, the vocabulary is reduced, and the person often uses verbal templates, auxiliary word-formations. The patient during the conversation is not able to distinguish the main thing, constantly diverted to the details, getting stuck in them. It should be noted that all memory violations are noted on its types. People lose memory, the ability to perceive and activate memory reserves decreases.

Psycho-organic syndrome options

Occasionally arise at night rudimentarySigns of delirium, as well as twilight consciousness disorder. In some cases, depressive conditions, epileptiform seizures with signs of derealizations, hallucinations, delusional syndromes, periodic psychoses (depersonalization) are noted. There are cases when the symptoms of psycho-organic syndrome stabilize and acquire the character of reverse development. Often, under the influence of physical, external, psychotraumatic effects, this syndrome acquires a progressive development, and also acquires the degrees of organic dementia, namely dementia. Psycho-organic syndrome and its variants: apathetic, explosive, asthenic, euphoric.

The asthenic variant is noted by disorders inPhysical, and also mental exhaustion, which causes manifestations of irritability, hyperesthesia, weakness, affective lability. In this variant, the disorder of intellectual functions is expressed only slightly, and mild dysmnestic disorders are rare. The depth of the asthenic variant is estimated by the symptoms of Pirogov.
The explosive version includes a combination ofAffective excitability, aggressiveness, irritability, explosiveness, with weakened apparent dysmnestic changes and reduced adaptation. Having an explosive version of the propensity for paranoia, overvalued formations, which leads to a weakening of willful delays, increased drive, loss of self-control. For patients often characterized by alcoholism. Initially, alcohol is used to raise mood, to remove irritation, excitability, however, frequent use worsens the general condition, and also increases the signs of organic insufficiency, which leads to a forced increase in the alcohol dose. Further, many patients begin to experience hangover symptoms.
The explosive variant also includes the formation ofOvervalued formations, as well as querulant trends. There are a variety of hysterical reactions, peculiar only to patients of this group, which indicates severe symptoms of the manifestations of the disease.
The euphoric variant is marked by an increaseMood, accompanied by a touch of complacency and euphoria, confusion, increased craving, dysmnetic disorder, as well as a sharp increase in criticism in his address. Some patients are explosive, express anger and aggression, which are replaced by helplessness, incontinence, tearfulness. In patients with reduced performance. The manifestation of special severity is the symptoms of violent laughter, as well as violent crying.
Apathetic variant is noted aspontaneity,Indifference to the environment, narrowing of the circle of interests, as well as dysmnestic disorders. Apathetic variant attracts attention with symptoms of epileptic illness and schizophrenia.
They note an acute and chronic variant of the psychoorganic syndrome.
The acute variant begins suddenly and oftenExogenous type of reaction. Its duration ranges from several days to weeks. The acute variant is capable of being the only episode or recurring and passing into a chronic course.
The chronic variant is hardly noticeable and has a differentCurrent with such diseases as Huntington's chorea, Alzheimer's disease, Pick's disease, senile dementia. There is a reverse development of symptoms to certain limits.

Psycho-organic syndrome treatment

Therapy is aimed at the underlying disease,Which caused psychoorganic syndrome, and is performed depending on the severity of the disease on an outpatient basis or in a hospital. A positive effect is given by nootropics, cerebroprotective, neurotrophic drugs, antioxidants, and vitamin therapy. Success in treatment directly depends on the underlying disease. The removal of neurosis-like symptoms, as well as increasing mental capacity for work and attention is carried out by hypnotherapy.

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