Stress in a child is considered physiologicalResponse response, which accompanies nervous tension. Many adult individuals mistakenly believe that only elderly people are affected by stress. However, children are not less exposed to the negative effects of stressful conditions and experiences. In children, stressful conditions are caused by independent first steps, enrolling in preschool or educational institution, experiences provoked by the transition to the older age period and a host of other factors. Since all the children are individual, stressful circumstances will also affect each of the children differently.
Totally protect your children from influenceLife difficulties are impossible, but only from the intelligent and balanced behavior of moms and dads, their calm response in different circumstances depends on the level of intensity of anxiety or nervousness in certain conditions. The parents' task is to teach the kids the right response to any difficulties, troubles and disappointments.
Stress in children provokes minorPerestroika in his body, which contribute to overcoming the transformations of the environment. Such changes in the body are temporary, after the cessation of the influence on the crumb of the surrounding conditions, his body is again adjusted to the usual daily functioning.
Causes of stress in a child
As a result of rapid changes in the children'sBehavior can reveal the presence of their stress. Stress makes kids uncontrollable, and their behavior is unrecognizable. They have general weakness and fatigue, nausea and vomiting may occur. Often there is an increase in the temperature of the child from stress.
All causes of stress in lifeChild, can be divided into two categories. The first category includes the reasons, depending on the age stage on which the baby is located, and the reasons that depend on the situation that has developed in his family. These reasons must be considered in the complex, as they are intertwined constantly. It is also possible to identify a number of factors common to all toddlers provoking stressful conditions, for example, parent's divorce or death of a loved one, trauma or relocation, application
To the child or the birth of a second baby.
Stress in the life of the child plays far from the lastRole and is determined by the age period in which the child is currently at the moment. A child who is in the age of up to two years, a stressful condition can be a consequence of the disease, separation from parents, even, short-term. Children react sharply to separation from their mother.
Stress in a child can also provoke various illnesses or emotional instability of the parents. Kids react sharply to the anxiety and emotions of their parents.
To investigate the cause, provokedStressful state of the baby, you should take him away from the situation of the house, for example, for a walk in the park. Distraction from the usual environment will help the baby to open. Also, drawing or some role-playing games can overcome emotional stress in children.
In preschool children, stress can provoke the firstAcquaintance with a new social environment for him. The kid, going beyond the boundaries of the family, gets into an unfamiliar environment, which causes stress. Previously, he existed in an atmosphere of love and universal admiration for him. His surroundings were only native people, who gave all their attention to him. And with the baby's entrance to the children's playgrounds, the child has to learn to communicate and interact through playing activities with peers.
But the greatest amount of stressComing to preschool, because he is left without parents for the first time, he has to spend a lot of time with peers, without having any experience of interaction with them. Also, provoking factors that cause stress in pre-school children are conflict situations with peers or educators, an unusual situation. For other stressful reasons, preschoolers can include watching TV programs containing negative information, visits to medical institutions, compulsion to comply with the regime in kindergarten, fear of loneliness and so on.
Youngsters of primary school age oftenStressful factors become a tense relationship with teachers or classmates in the school, intraclass competition, underachievement. At this age stage, the kid is already beginning to understand that he may be in some way inferior to peers. However, along with this, he is not old enough to understand that this is normal. As a result, many younger schoolchildren have serious stress conditions.
Also, a stressful state can occur inThe result of an internal conflict, the cause of which may be repentance in committing a bad deed, representing oneself as evil, hopeless, unlucky or bad. Views of TV shows or commercials on the Internet carrying negative information can become factors that provoke the nervousness of children. Kids of this age period are characterized by increased impressionability, therefore, having heard reports about cataclysms in nature, military actions, etc., they begin to greatly experience.
Stress in a child after a garden
And emotional stress in children canTo accumulate, especially during the first year of their going to preschool, after the transition to the older age group, due to uncoated relationships with peers or educators.
Many psychologists believe that a visitPreschool institution by children under the age of three, will bring them only harm and negative experiences that will be stronger than younger than age. Below are the reasons for such experiences.
First of all, due to the physiological andPsychological development of babies they are not yet able to part with their mother without harm. The child can respond with a neurotic reaction to visiting nurseries. The development of a child walking in a nursery can be inhibited, in particular, it concerns speech. The slowness of speech development is associated with frequent communication with peers, whose speech is also undeveloped, and rare communication with adults, communicative interaction with which will increase the vocabulary of babies. The ability to express own thoughts by means of words is also insufficiently formed due to a premature child's visit to a pre-school institution. Again, because the child previously silent has to start talking under stressful circumstances for him, he develops an appropriate attitude to verbal interaction. In this case, the speech is presented to the child as a saving tool, and not as a mechanism for communicative interaction.
If a small baby has a large amount of timeWill conduct outside the usual home environment, then his deep interaction with his family will be violated. In later life, this can affect all communication with parents in the adult life of the individual. At the age of about three years, babies should already be able to freely interact verbally with their parents, make phrases and sentences. Babies who were given a preschool before they reach the age of three are inclined to withhold their own worries and feelings, in the future they will also be reluctant to share them with their parents. In a pre-school institution, children learn to keep their own thoughts and worries in themselves.
Stress in pre-school children afterVisiting kindergarten is also often associated with an imposed separation from mother and father. A kid can perceive parting with his parents as a betrayal and proof of uselessness. In addition, this pipsqueak does not know how to behave in the new circumstances, he fears above it all will laugh and that his actions will not cause the approval of others of his children and caregivers.
Before the loss, uncertainty and fear of disapproval provokes a lot of stress in children.
Stress in children after visiting pre-school institutions can lead to severe and long-term adaptation.
It is not recommended to give babies to preschoolEstablishments in cases when they are constantly ill. It is also worth remembering about the crisis of development, coming at the age of three. After all, it is in this age period that the crumb begins to realize his person as an individual and tries to demonstrate it to others. The experience of the crisis enhances the sensitivity of the baby, so
In the kindergarten can be further aggravated.
A number of significant risk factors can be identified,Which increase the likelihood of a severe form of adaptation to the kindergarten. If there are several unfavorable factors in the aggregate, it is better to postpone the visit to the pre-school institution. The first group of factors is referred to as the prenatal stage. These are toxicoses of pregnant women, illness, conflict or stressful situations, borne by the weaker sex during pregnancy or taking medications, smoking a woman, drinking alcohol drinks, work related to potentially harmful production. Excessive consumption of alcohol-containing beverages by the male sex before pregnancy of a woman is also a risk factor leading to the development of a complicated form of adaptation to a kindergarten in the future.
The following group of risk factors relatesDirectly to the generic process. These are various complications of childbirth, for example, birth trauma in children or asphyxia, incompatibility with the Rh factor of blood of the baby and mother.
The third group of factors is attributed to the postpartumStage. This is the prematurity of children or their carrying, the body weight is more than 4 kilograms at birth. It also includes frequent diseases of babies, smoking and drinking alcoholic drinks by a woman during the lactation and lactation period, passive smoking can also affect the baby's nervous system. Feeding with artificial mixtures is also a risk factor. To this group also include a woman's depression, unsatisfactory material and everyday circumstances of life, delayed development of the baby, single parent family.
Thus, most risks occurDue to diseases, or the erroneous behavior of parents during pregnancy and after the birth of the baby. Improper education of small crumbs is also a risk factor.
Some of the listed factors areIrreparable character, in other words, individuals are not able to change them. For example, these are the causes associated with pregnancy and the birth process. But a number of factors can still be neutralized
. For example, to exclude smoking in the room in which the nursing woman is located.
Response to stress in preschool childrenAlways different: children can begin to urinate in bed, become more withdrawn and silent, they may have a nervous tic or blinking. It often happens that the baby becomes completely uncontrollable, overly irritable, shows
From stress, the child also often raises the temperature.
Stress in a child after a hospital
Many parents complain that they can notLearn your own kids after visiting the hospital. Children become withdrawn, capricious, whiny, irritable. They may also have an eating disorder or a sleep disorder. Their behavior is dramatically changing. So the reaction to stress in children after getting into the hospital manifests itself. In medical institutions unfamiliar aunts or uncles in a strange situation make it painful and unpleasant with the consent of their parents. They feel offended, betrayed by their own parents, and in fact at least childhood should be joyful and carefree.
Most parents who suspect childrenThe presence of a strong emotional shock of a protracted nature, first try to distract them, entertain them with a variety of entertainment activities, such as going to the movies or on the carousel. However, this does not help, and children are even more immersed in their own experiences.
How to get the child out of stress in such cases? First of all, moms and dads should understand that stress is a natural reaction of the baby to changes in his life, such as those associated with a hospital or a disease. Therefore, to begin with, the baby needs to provide a quiet environment at home, spend as much time with him, engage in his favorite affairs or games. Creativity also has a beneficial effect on the fragile nervous system of crumbs. Parents need to work together to combat stress and not to contradict each other. Consistently observing the daily routine and daily routines, the love and care of significant adults, understanding and attention from the pope and mom are the main steps that contribute to the rapid withdrawal of the child from the stressful state.
Also, parents should not forget that prevention of children's stress should be on the same level as their upbringing and education.
Prevention of stress in children is aA set of measures aimed at increasing the adaptive capacity of children. It includes regular physical activity of children, adherence to the regime of the day, sleep hygiene and healthy eating.
How to relieve stress in a child
Children can plunge into stressful conditionsAs a result of a feeling of close pressure, they dream of excelling in sports, studies, etc. It is still quite difficult for the kid to cope with the factors that provoke the emergence of nervousness and stressful conditions, so the important task of adults is to help overcome the difficulties of the toddlers.
Stress in a child and his symptoms can be noticedImmediately after the changed behavior of his own child. It is possible to distinguish common signs of stressful conditions that are observed in most babies, and rather rare symptoms of an individual character. Common symptoms include headache, sleep disturbances, increased anxiety, often aggressiveness, depression. General stress symptoms may vary depending on the age range in which the child is located and his social environment.
Stress in a child and symptoms of an individual nature can be manifested by hair loss, frequent pain in the epigastric region, stuttering, etc.
Stress for every kid is threateningthe state of emotional overstrain, which will subsequently affect mental health and physical well-being. However, the consequences of stressful action carry a great danger. Therefore, the paramount task of moms and dads is the timely detection of symptoms of childhood depression.
How to get the child out of stress? There are two key ways to combat stress. The first method is to eliminate the causes of anxiety and stressful conditions in children, and the second - in helping to develop positive strategies for fighting emotional depression.
Actions aimed at eliminating causes,Stressing can be expressed in the following sequence of actions on the part of dads and moms. To begin with, you need to find out all about the experiences of your own child and his feelings. It is necessary to try to create a confident atmosphere for the baby. He needs to try to explain intelligibly that any troubles are not a life tragedy, but only an experience.
Parents need to remember thatyour child should be valued in all circumstances and situations. Therefore, parents are advised to demonstrate openly care of the baby, his own love, to give him warmth and not to be stingy in his arms. When raising children, it is necessary to take into account not only their own desires, but also to listen to the opinion and desires of children. If the adult decided to forbid something to the crumb, then you should explain to him the reason why you should not do this. Otherwise, the kid will perceive such steps from the parents as a pressure on his own person. An important "liquidator" of stress is the ability of parents to take seriously everything, even the most minor problems of the child. Another so-called "liquidator" of stressful manifestations is relaxation. Therefore, it is recommended that parents choose the optimal relaxation method for their baby. Among the methods of relaxation can be distinguished family vacation in nature or viewing a good cartoon.
Under certain conditions, in order to reducestressful manifestations it is necessary for parents to take a series of actions in order to unload the baby. So, for example, if the causes of a stressful condition are associated with a lack of time for the child to perform a homework due to a large number of extracurricular activities, you can try to limit the number of such activities, classes or electives. Such actions will allow the child to free time for homework, and also help him save his own energy, which he can later concentrate on more important things.
Sometimes, all that is necessary for babies is the sensation by a number of their parents. Dad and mom can only contribute to the improvement of the baby's well-being by his presence.
If the baby is very small you can help himunderstand your own emotions. Many crumbs have not yet learned how to express feelings with the help of words. Ability to transmit emotions through words helps to ensure that the child will less often hysterical, spill out the negative or