Strong depression, being a problem of the 21st century,Overcomes many people. What to do when a severe depression begins, worries many sick. It is necessary to think, and also to understand yourself and reconsider your life. A severe depression is marked by a mental disorder and includes a depressive triad: a decrease in mood; Changes in thinking - a pessimistic view,
; Motor retardation.
Strong depression is expressed by loss of interest inLife, habitual activity, as well as reduced self-esteem. In some cases, a person experiencing a depressive state resorts to the abuse of alcohol or available psychotropic substances.
Very severe depression manifests itself asPathological affect and is perceived by people as laziness or bad character, pessimism, selfishness. However, one must take into account that a very severe depression is often a psychosomatic disease requiring treatment by specialists. The sooner the diagnosis is established and the timely treatment is started, the sooner the success of recovery is likely. Strong depression is effectively treatable, despite widespread use among the population.
Severe Depression Symptoms
Symptoms of the disease are varied: physiological, emotional, mental, behavioral.
Emotional symptoms include despair, anguish,Suffering; Depressed, depressed mood; A feeling of inner tension, anxiety, anticipation of trouble, irritability, guilt, self-displeasure, self-blame, decreased confidence and self-esteem, anxiety for loved ones, loss of ability to experience.
Physiological symptoms are noted in the changeAppetite, energy and intimate needs, sleep disturbances, and bowel function, weakness, constipation, fatigue from physical and intellectual stress; Pain in the heart, in the stomach, in the muscles.
Behavioral symptoms of very severe depressionAre marked by passivity, a denial of purposeful activity, loss of interest in people, a desire to withdraw and refusal to entertain, but using alcohol in large quantities, as well as psychotropic substances.
Thinking symptoms are marked by difficulty withConcentration and concentration, decision-making, slowness in thinking, the prevalence of negative as well as gloomy thoughts. The patient always has a pessimistic view, and there are thoughts of the meaninglessness of his being and existence. Sometimes attempts are made to commit suicide, because of their helplessness, uselessness, and insignificance.
Signs of severe depression
There is an opinion among people that depression is notA sign of weakness is a sign that people have been trying to be strong for too long. If a person quickly recovered and did not stay in a depressed mood for a long time, lost interest in the previously enjoyable activity, became a pessimist, experienced a constant sense of anxiety, futility, guilt, fear, then this could be agreed.
Signs of very severe depression include inability to make decisions, low self-esteem, increased or decreased appetite, sleep disorders (insomnia, peresypanie).
Severe depression is diagnosed after havingAll symptoms and signs for more than two weeks. Children's severe depression and its symptoms: nightmares, loss of appetite, problems in school, the emergence of alienation, aggression.
Severe depression treatment
It is very important to eliminate negative thinking andStop feeling negative moments in your life. From this moment, start seeing only the good in the future. Change the tone of communication in the family to a more benevolent, forget for criticism, condemnation and conflict.
Not every patient needs urgentlyHospitalize, possibly, treatment and outpatient. In the treatment of severe depression, such basic directions are used: pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, social therapy. An important condition in the effectiveness of treatment is trust and cooperation with a doctor. It is necessary to comply with all the prescriptions of the therapy regimen, as well as regularly visit the doctor, giving a detailed report on his condition.
The closest surrounding, relatives should support the sick, but do not sink with him into a depressed state.
Avoid criticism towards the patient, involve him in useful activities at home. With a strong course of the disease, spontaneous recovery occurs very rarely.
Pharmacotherapy includes takingAntidepressants, stimulating action (Clomipramine, Imipramine, Paroxetine, Cipramil, Fluoxetine). Anxious severe depression is treated with sedative medications. If there is a pronounced anxious depression with suicidal prerequisites, then Amitriptyline is used in treatment. If there is insignificant anxiety with depression, then the preparations of Lyudomil and Azefen are shown.
If the patient is poorly toleratedAntidepressants or increased blood pressure, Coaxil is prescribed. By its nature, the drug takes an intermediate place between stimulant and sedative antidepressants, affecting the mood disorder.
All antidepressants in their composition haveChemical complex composition, acting in different ways. Drugs allow to weaken the feeling of fear, prevent the loss of serotonin. Drugs are prescribed only by a doctor, an independent reception is strictly forbidden, even despite severe depression. The effect of many antidepressants begins to appear two weeks after the start of the treatment. Dosage for the patient is determined individually, in most cases, you should take medication for up to six months, and in rare cases, up to several years (to avoid relapse).
How to get rid of severe depression?
Effective method in the treatment of severe depressionCan act as a combination of two antidepressants or the addition of another substance (anticonvulsant drugs, thyroid hormones, extrogens, folic acid, etc.) Behavioral psychotherapy recommends that patients perform only pleasant activities and completely exclude painful, as well as unpleasant.
Cognitive psychotherapy works in conjunction withBehavioral techniques that can eliminate cognitive distortions of a depressive nature, as well as pessimistic thoughts that interfere with useful activity.
In the treatment of severe depression, physical activity is shown, music therapy, art therapy, hypnotherapy, meditation, magnetotherapy, aromatherapy, light therapy, electroconvulsive therapy, sleep deprivation.
Victor Frankl first attributed to the causes of the diseaseAbsence of meaning of life. And those reasons that the diseased take for true - divorce, job loss, lack of money are catalysts that accelerate the development of depressive disorder. Misunderstanding of the meaning of life, as well as its absence, leads a person to a mental illness. Do always what will make you happy, do not confuse pleasure (
, Immense intimacy, alcohol intake) with meaningLife. The true meaning of life lies in happiness. And you can get it by developing your soul, staying only on the positive, having put into life a friendship, love, gratitude, respect.
Strong depression, what to do? Force yourself to move, walk a lot, run, because movement is life.
Choose a quiet sport for yourself. It can be table tennis, running, cycling. Physical stress will provoke the production of endorphins, which will improve your mood. Be sure to take control of personal emotions, control yourself, controlling your energy. Have a violent smile, laugh. Mechanically residing in a smile, the human body also allocates endorphins, responsible for happiness. The brain does not understand: whether you are sincere at the moment of a smile or not, and continues to develop hormones of happiness.
A very important point in the treatment isBalanced, enriched with a variety of vitamins diet. A depressed person is able to absorb a lot of food in a short period. It helps, but only for a while, and then comes the deterioration. Knowing what properties products have, you can achieve the desired result. For example, paprika, spinach, lettuce, cabbage - improve mood. Milk, beer contains a morphine-like substance. Bananas are rich in serotonin, giving a person a sense of joy, ease. Chocolate indicates the presence of endorphins, which excite a person. And all the sweets that have glucose in the composition can make a person more cheerful.