Syndrome of emotional burnout is a conditionExhaustion of the person on various levels: mental, psychoemotional, physical. Syndrome of emotional burnout can develop due to chronic stress, which occurs, mainly, in the labor sphere.
The man wakes up frustrated in the morning, violentlyForces himself to go to work. During the working day, its performance, productivity decreases. Moreover, when the working day was loaded to the limit and it seems that you will not have time. As a result, there is some kind of hopelessness, resentment and unwillingness to work, an interest in everything around him. There are claims to the load, insufficient remuneration for the work done.
Syndrome of emotional burnout is exposedPeople associated with functional duties to service people and frequent contact with them. These are such professions as teachers, doctors, educators of children's institutions, social workers, managers and others.
Syndrome of emotional burnout of the cause
There are several causes of burnout. The main one is related primarily to work activities, where a person is overloaded and does not feel sufficient assessment of his work, in the full sense of "burns up" in the workplace, forgetting about personal needs.
Syndrome of emotional burnout is oftenMedical workers are affected: doctors and nurses. Constantly communicating with patients, the doctor takes complaints, irritation, and sometimes aggressiveness of patients. Many of the health workers are trying to build a psychological barrier between themselves and the visitor, in order to abstract from negative emotions, avoiding the syndrome of emotional burnout.
Much depends on the nature of the person, hisRelationship to functional duties, including its mandatory or lack thereof. Sometimes we ourselves impose on ourselves an exorbitant range of duties not provided for by the job description, distrust of the surrounding employees, the desire to keep everything under our control. Late leave or absence of days off also causes irreparable damage to the psycho-emotional state of a person.
Syndrome of emotional burnout and its causes -This lack of sleep, lack of support from relatives, inability to rest, relax. Often the cause of this condition can be trauma, both physical and psychological.
Syndrome of emotional burnout symptoms
The symptomatology of the disease does not appear immediately, butgradually. It is worthwhile immediately to pay attention to the warning signals corresponding to the syndrome of emotional burnout. We need to revise our psycho-emotional behavior as soon as possible, correct it in time to not lead ourselves to a nervous breakdown.
The first symptoms of emotional syndromeBurnout can be frequent headaches, general fatigue, physical exhaustion, insomnia. Attention and memory are broken. There are problems with the cardiovascular system (tachycardia, arterial hypertension). Insecurity, dissatisfaction with others, hysteria appear during a period of depression, indifference to family and friends, life is filled with a continuous negative.
Syndrome of emotional burnout makes the human body vulnerable to many diseases, especially chronic ones, such as bronchial asthma, psoriasis and others.
To cope with problems, supposedly to alleviateTheir emotional state, some begin to abuse alcohol, get used to drugs, increase the number of cigarettes smoked per day.
Emotional symptoms are important. Sometimes it is a lack or excessive restraint of emotions, withdrawal into oneself, pessimism, a feeling of abandonment and loneliness. Or vice versa, irritability and aggressiveness, hysterics, sobs, inability to concentrate. There is a feeling that the work is unachievable, useless. The employee may not come to work without justified reasons, in time not to match the position.
There are also social symptoms of the syndromeEmotional burnout. There is not enough time and desire to do interesting work after work. Limitation of contacts, a feeling of misunderstanding by others, a sense of lack of attention from relatives.
Syndrome of emotional burnout of a stage
We should pay attention to the theory of J. Greenberg about emotional burnout, the development of which he divides into five stages:
The first is the worker's satisfaction with his work activity, but with repetitive work stresses that reduce physical energy.
The second - manifestations of sleep disturbances, fatigue, decreased interest in the work. The third - work without days off and holidays, experience, susceptibility to illnesses.
The fourth is the increase in dissatisfaction with oneself and work, the development of chronic diseases.
Fifth - psycho-emotional and physical problems provoke the development of diseases that can threaten human life.
Syndrome of emotional burnout of teachers
Teachers, as well as physicians, are in the groupRisk of emotional burnout in the forefront. Therefore, it is very important to identify the symptoms of burnout syndrome at the first stages of development. Teachers, due to daily communication with students and their parents, come a feeling of constant fatigue, even in the mornings, physical, emotional exhaustion, caused by hard work. The work activity limited by a lesson, the pedagogical loading caused by the schedule, as well as the responsibility before a management, are provocateurs of occurrence of nervous stresses. Frequent headaches, insomnia, a sharp increase or decrease in weight, a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract, drowsiness throughout the day - this is a small list of inconveniences that accompany the emotional burnout of the teacher.
The next component of the emotional syndromeBurnout is depersonalization, that is, an insensitive attitude towards students, sometimes bordering on aggressiveness, indifference, formality, unwillingness to be imbued with the problems of children. As a result, there appears at first latent irritation, then obvious, reaching the conflict situations. Sometimes there is withdrawal into oneself, limiting contacts with friends and colleagues.
When developing the syndrome of emotional burnoutTeachers play an important role both external and internal factors. External factors are the high responsibility for the educational process and the effectiveness of the work done, the lack of equipment, the psychological atmosphere, especially if the class has children with a difficult character or a delay in mental development. Internal factors - emotional feedback, disorientation of the person.
Teachers also have an increasedAggression, hostility to close people, colleagues. There are examples of physical aggression to a particular person. With indirect aggression (vicious conversations, gossip) there can be explosions of rage, shouts, beating on the table, which are not directed specifically at anyone.
With a pronounced emotional syndromeBurnout traced a negative manner of behavior, mainly to the management of the educational institution. Suspicion and mistrust of others, anger and resentment to the whole world.
Diagnosis of emotional burnout syndrome
When determining the stage of development of the syndromeEmotional burnout takes into account the following factors: the presence of burnout symptoms, somatic complaints; Existing chronic diseases, mental disorders, sleep disorders, the use of tranquilizers and alcohol. The indices of dissatisfaction with oneself, with their duties, with a post also have significance. The state of emotional impasse is clearly expressed, as if a person were cornered. His energy is directed more towards himself, showing a state of anxiety, disillusionment in himself and the chosen profession. The person becomes touchy, rude, capricious. If you have to restrain yourself at work, then at home, bouts of anger, rage, inadequate behavior spill over onto family members.
Syndrome of emotional burnout treatment
The problems that arise in the process of emotionalBurnout, threaten the health of a person, his relationships with others, work. And this must be cured, restoring the balance of power, finding support for loved ones and, of course, paying attention to yourself, your psycho-emotional state.
First of all, "stop", calm down andTo reconsider their lives, their emotions, their behavior. Maybe, give up the routine work that does not bring satisfaction, joy, effectiveness. Or to change the place of residence, so that new tasks distract a person from previous experiences.
If this is not possible, it is necessary to actively solvePainful problems. Show activity and persistence in the workplace, preferably eliminating stressful situations. Speak more boldly about your needs. Refuse the authorities in the performance of the work that is not in the job description, and which it instructs, knowing that a person can not refuse, showing weakness.
If this does not help, you need to take a break from work. Go on vacation or take unpaid days. Distracted from work completely, without answering the phone calls of colleagues at work.
Be sure to do, at least briefly, physical exercises, visit the swimming pool, massage room, perform strengthening gymnastics, bring your thoughts in order.
Prevention of emotional burnout syndrome
To avoid the syndrome of emotional burnout,It is necessary to follow certain rules: go to bed on time, get enough sleep, put before yourself feasible tasks, maintain friendly relations with colleagues, listen only to positive discussions. Mandatory rest after a hard day, preferably in nature, having a favorite class or hobby. Fresh air and a good mood always have a positive effect on the emotional state of any person.
Important for prevention of burnoutHas and auto-training, self-hypnosis, a mood only for positive. In the morning you can include your favorite music, read something that cheers up. Eat useful and favorite foods that have high energy.
You do not need to go about anything with anyone, but tryLearn to say "no" in difficult situations, trying not to overexert yourself. You should also learn how to make a break for yourself by disconnecting the phone, computer, TV.
It is desirable to analyze the past day, finding in it as many positive moments as possible.