Xenophilia is a psychological concept thatIn translation from the Greek language means addiction and love for unknown people and things, as well as untested earlier sensations. Xenophilia is the opposite in its meaning of xenophobia. Xenophilia often has an intimate treatment and means a penchant for unusual sexual partners (for example, a craving for strangers or representatives of another race), preferring intimate activities in unusual places and various kinds of paraphilia.
Paraphilia is understood as a condition in whichSexual excitement and satisfaction of the individual depend on unusual intimate objects and experiences. With paraphilia, excitation can arise from an unusual object, for example, it can be: underwear, children, animals, or unusual action: shameless phone calls, causing pain. The paraphilia object is usually unchanged and specific. Such behavior in the people is called perversion, and an individual with a penchant for paraphilia is referred to as a pervert. The definition of paraphilia is considered an abusive and offensive term, which causes emotional trauma to people who have sexual deviations.
Xenophilia, what is it? At the present time xenophilia is treated asLove of everything foreign, namely foreigners and the perception of a non-cultural, as better than their own. It is a pathological attachment to foreign dishes, tastes, products, mods, religions, art, sayings, ideas, opinions.
Xenophilia often accompanies the liberalDemocracy and liberalism, which casts doubt on national and racial differences between people. The phenomenon of xenophilia has been proved by life itself. In the ethnic self-awareness of the peoples there are radical changes that are expressed in the increased interest of ethnic groups in their culture, history, language, traditions. However, often the growth of ethnic
Forms taking on a negativeAttitude to other ethnoses, rejection of their traditions, culture, language, avoidance of communication with them, even to expression of open hostility. In the scientific world, this phenomenon is called ethnocentrism.
Since cultural values are born andAre formed on the basis of the experience of peoples and the selection of their behavior, the current and past cultures are different. Some peoples treated wars as noble human activities. Other nationalities hated it, and representatives of the third had no idea about it. In accordance with the norms and rules of one culture, a feminine has the right to marry her relative, but the rules of another culture decisively prohibit this. Our culture
Refers to the symptoms of mental illness. Other societies mystical visions are regarded as the highest form
. Therefore, there are a lot of differencesBetween cultures and even a quick contact with several cultures shows that there is no account for differences between them. It is also difficult to define common features that will be characteristic of all cultures. Sociologists have identified more than 60 cultural universals. These include body decoration, sports, dancing, joint work, funeral rituals, hospitality, education, the custom of giving gifts, incest prohibitions, language, jokes, religious rituals, attempts to influence the weather, making tools.
Some anthropologists believe that the formation ofCultural universals occur on the basis of biological factors. These include the inability of infants, the presence of two sexes; Need for warmth and food; Age differences between individuals, the assimilation of different skills. Therefore, there are problems that need to be solved on the basis of this culture. Certain images of thinking and values are also universal. In every society, lies are condemned and murder is forbidden. All cultures contribute to the satisfaction of certain social, physiological and psychological needs. It is not uncommon in a society to judge other cultures from the standpoint of the superiority of one's own culture. This trend is called ethnocentrism.
In any form, the manifestations of ethnocentrism have a destructive effect on interethnic contacts, so studying this phenomenon is a necessity, especially in modern conditions.
The opposite concept to ethnocentrism is xenophilia. Xenophilia often calls into question national and racial differences between people.
Xenophilia asserts that the guarantee of existenceHuman modern society is a mixture of peoples and cultures under the banner of liberal democracy. The ideology and theory of xenophilia, inherent in the cosmopolitan intelligentsia, explains the rejection of national cultures and traditions, denying national and state sovereignty in the name of "universal human values"; Proclaims the freedom of man in all areas of life, as a necessary condition for the development of the economy and society.
Xenophilia rapidly began to develop inThe second half of the XX-first. floor. XXI centuries. It often accompanies the movement for the unification of the world and individual regions on a federative basis with the world and common government.
Xenophilia moves the people to rallies, and afterRally passions in people is malice. Xenophiles often hide behind patriotic rhetoric. The main enemy of xenophiles is an original nation and a sovereign state. The passion for destruction rests on the belief that liberalism embodies the dream of mankind about personal freedom and the triumph of private interest over the public. It seems to them that they by nature have the right to destroy everything that seems to them, as an obstacle to the free expression of selfish views and the pursuit of their antisocial goals. Their hostility turns into a pathological one. For xenophiles, another civilization becomes beloved and native. Therefore, with the extremist ruthlessness, the popular "own", historical, is still being discredited, torn away and discredited.